Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

High Temperature Oxidation of Slurry Aluminized Deformable Austempered Ductile Iron (DADI)

  • 43 Accesses


This work reports on the aluminization and oxidation behaviour of a new class of cast iron (deformable austempered ductile iron, DADI). The slurry aluminization resulted in uneven coatings due to the lack of wettability of molten aluminium to the graphite inclusions of the substrate. In spite of this, the isothermal tests at 650 °C for 100 hour in air revealed a drastic reduction of oxygen uptake related to the formation of mixed Al-containing spinels compared to the very unprotective iron oxides formed in the absence of coating. It derives that deposition of thicker aluminide layers by precoating with, e.g. nickel would be a promising way to protect further DADI cast iron.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6


  1. 1.

    R.Elliott: Cast Iron Technology, Butterworths, London, 1988, pp.672.

  2. 2.

    M. Bauccio: ASM Materials reference book, 3rd ed., ASM International, USA, 1993, pp.620.

  3. 3.

    Davis JR (1996) ASM Specialty Hand Books, Cast Irons, USA. Springer, New York, pp 494.

  4. 4.

    E.Kutelia, N.Khidasheli, O.Tsurtsumia, G.Beradze: Procedia Eng., 2010, vol. 2, pp.1219-1224.

  5. 5.

    E. Kutelia, N. Khidasheli, G. Beradze, T. Dzigrashvili, D. Butskrikidze: NACE-Corrosion 2008, Paper #08113. New Orleans, USA, 2018.

  6. 6.

    X. Wang, Y. Fan, X. Zhao, A. Du, R. Ma, X. Cao: Metals 2019 vol. 9, pp. 648.

  7. 7.

    KianiRashid AR, Edmonds DV (2004) Surf. Interface Anal. 36:1011–1013.

  8. 8.

    F. Pedraza, M. Mollard, B. Rannou, J. Balmain, B. Bouchaud, G. Bonnet: Mater. Chem. Phys., 2012, vol. 134, pp. 700-705.

  9. 9.

    M.C. Galetz, X. Montero, M. Mollard, M. Günthner, F. Pedraza, M. Schütze: Intermetallics, 2014, vol. 44, pp. 8-17.

  10. 10.

    F. Pedraza, M. Proy, C. Boulesteix, P. Krukovskyi, M. Metel: Mater. Corros., 2016, vol. 67, pp.1059-1067.

  11. 11.

    B. Bouchaud, B. Rannou, F. Pedraza: Mater. Chem. Phys., 2013, vol. 143, pp. 416-424.

  12. 12.

    C. Boulesteix, F. Pedraza: Surf. Coating Technol., 2018, vol. 339, pp. 27–36.

  13. 13.

    M. Zamanzade, A. Barnoush, C. Motz: Crystals, 2016, vol. 6, pp. 1-29.

  14. 14.

    B.Rannou, F.Velasco, S. Guzman, V. Kolarik, F. Pedraza: Mater. Chem. Phys., 2012, vol. 134, 1, pp. 360-365.

  15. 15.

    H. Okamoto (1992) ASM Handbook: Alloy Phase Diagrams. ASM Internationals, Boston, pp. 800.

  16. 16.

    X. Li, A. Scherf, M. Heilmaier, and F. Stein: J. Phase Equilib. Diffus., 2016, vol. 37, pp. 162–173.

  17. 17.

    V. B. Trindade, R. Borin, B.Z. Hanjari, S. Yang, U. Krupp, H-J. Christ: Mater. Res., 2005, vol. 8, pp. 365-369.

  18. 18.

    Ravi VA, Nguyen TK, Nava JC (2015) Aluminizing of steel to improve high temperature corrosion resistance. In: Mittemeijer EJ, Somers MA (eds) Thermochemical surface engineering of steels. Woodhead Publishing, Sawston, pp 751–767.

  19. 19.

    R.W. Richards, R.D. Jones, P. D. Clements, H. Clarke: Intnal. Mater. Rev., 1994, vol. 39, pp. 191-212.

  20. 20.

    F. Pedraza, R. Podor: Mater. Charact., 2016, vol. 113, pp. 198-206.

  21. 21.

    L.Levin, A. Ginzburg, L. Klinger, T. Werber, A. Katsman, P. Schaaf: Surf. Coating. Technol., 1998, vol. 106, pp. 209–213.

  22. 22.

    Kostov A, Friedrich B, Živković D (2008) J Min Metall Sect B 44:49–61.

  23. 23.

    M-B. Lin, C-J. Wang: Surf. Coating Technol., 2010, vol. 205, pp. 1220-1224.

  24. 24.

    M-B. Lin, C-J. Wang, A.A. Volinsky: Surf. Coating Technol., 2011, vol. 206, pp. 1595–1599.

  25. 25.

    S. Kang, K. Han, K. Kim, Y. Kang, K.Son, D. Kim: ISIJ Int., 2012, vol. 52, pp. 1342–1347.

  26. 26.

    R. Mola, W. Depczyński: Arch. Foundry Eng., 2014, vol. 68, pp. 20-23.

  27. 27.

    R. Mola, T. Bucki, K. Wcisło: Arch. Foundry Eng., 2014, vol. 14, pp. 85-90.

  28. 28.

    K. Landry, S. Kalogeropoulou, N. Eustathopoulos: J. Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 1998, vol. 254, pp. 99–111.

  29. 29.

    D. Zhang, D-Y. Zhu, T. Zhang, Q-F. Wang: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 2015, vol. 25, pp. 2473-2480.

  30. 30.

    C. Boulesteix, F. Pedraza: Surf. Coat. Technol., 2018, vol. 339, pp. 27-36.

  31. 31.

    Y.S. Touloukian, R.K. Kirby, R.E. Taylor, T.Y. Lee, Thermophysical properties of matter, Thermal Expansion Nonmetallic Solids, 13, Plenum Press, New York, 1977, p. 176.

  32. 32.

    M-B. Lin, C-J. Wang, A.A. Volinsky: Oxid. Met., 2011, vol. 76, pp. 161–168.

  33. 33.

    E. A. Gulbransen, K. F. Andrew, F. A. Brassart: J. Electrochem. Soc., 1963, vol. 110, pp. 476-483.

  34. 34.

    Pöter B, Stein F, Wirth R, Spiegel M (2005) Z. Phys. Chem 219:1489–1503.

  35. 35.

    F. Pedraza, J.L. Grosseau-Poussard, J-F. Dinhut: Intermetallics, 2005, vol. 13, pp. 27–33.

  36. 36.

    B. A. Pint, Y. Zhang: Mater. Corros., 2011, vol. 62, pp. 549-560.

Download references


The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the European Commission in the project “Production of Coatings for New Efficient Clean Coal Power Plant Materials”, POEMA, Grant agreement 31043 (FP7-NMP) and the intellectual support of all partners. Also, many thanks to the University of La Rochelle (France) for providing of co-founding and financing Olga Tsurtsumia’s secondment to the Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Ingénieur pour l’Environnement (LaSIE).

Author information

Correspondence to Fernando Pedraza.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Manuscript submitted on 17 June 2019.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tsurtsumia, O., Pedraza, F., Gregoire, B. et al. High Temperature Oxidation of Slurry Aluminized Deformable Austempered Ductile Iron (DADI). Metall and Mat Trans A 51, 920–926 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-019-05576-4

Download citation