Advertisement

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 220–233 | Cite as

Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of a Selected Titanium Alloy Against Counterface Steel of Different Hardness Levels

  • Qiuyang ZhangEmail author
  • Hongyan Ding
  • Guanghong Zhou
  • Xiaodong Guo
  • Man Zhang
  • Nianlian Li
  • Haibing Wu
  • Mujian Xia
Article
  • 72 Downloads

Abstract

Dry sliding wear tests of a selected titanium alloy (Ti-6.5Al-3.5Mo-1.5Zr-0.3Si) against AISI 52100 steel of three hardness levels were carried out at room temperature over a sliding speed range of 1 to 4 m/s. The influence of counterface hardness and sliding speed on the wear behavior and wear regime of the titanium alloy was investigated. The results show that the wear rate of the titanium alloy at 1 m/s was inversely proportional to the counterface hardness and roughly proportional to it at higher speeds. Regardless of the counterface hardness, severe and mild wear prevailed at 1 to 2 and 4 m/s [except under 50 N (2.548 MPa)], respectively. At 3 and 4 m/s-50 N (2.548 MPa), a mild-to-severe wear transition emerged with an increase in the hardness differential between the disc and pin. The wear of the titanium alloy was considered to be strongly governed by the nature of the tribo-layer. A metallic-dominated tribo-layer containing little or no oxide was responsible for severe wear at 1 to 2 m/s. However, at 4 m/s, more tribo-oxides (notably Fe2O3 with a high sinterability transferred from softer counterfaces) promoted the formation and solidification of ceramic tribo-oxide layers, resulting in mild wear. For harder counterfaces, due to the limited amount of transferred Fe2O3, the stability of tribo-oxide layers was readily destroyed, and thus, the mild-to-severe wear transition occurred at 3 and 4 m/s under 50 N (2.548 MPa).

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial supports for our work by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51701079, 51775221), the Natural Science Research Project of Jiangsu Provincial Higher Education Institutions (No. 17KJD430001) are gratefully acknowledged.

References

  1. 1.
    A. Molinari, G. Straffelini, B. Tesi, and T. Bacci: Wear, 1997, vol. 208, pp. 105-112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Qiu, Y.Z. Zhang, J.H. Yang and J. Zhu: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2006, vol. 434, pp. 71-75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Sahoo, B.B. Jha, T.K. Sahoo, and D. Sahoo: J. Mater. Eng. Perf., 2014, vol. 23, pp. 2092-2102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Rasool and M.M. Stack: Tribol. Int., 2015, vol. 91, pp. 258-266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Farokhzadeh and A. Edrisy: Tribol. Int., 2016, vol. 94, pp. 98-111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Q.Y. Zhang, Y. Zhou, L. Wang, X.H. Cui, and S.Q. Wang: Tribol Int., 2016, vol. 94, pp, 541-549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Straffelini and A. Molinari: Wear, 1999, vol. 236, pp. 328-338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Qu, P.J. Blau, T.R. Watkins, O.B. Cavin, and N.S. Kulkarni: Wear, 2005, vol. 258, pp. 1348-1356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    B.H. Guo: Hot Working Tech., 2014, vol. 43, pp. 63-69. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Wang, X.X. Li, Y. Zhou, Q.Y. Zhang, K.M. Chen and S.Q. Wang: Tribol. Int., 2015, vol. 91, pp. 246-257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.F. Archard and W. Hirst: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A, 1956, vol. 236, pp. 397-410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. Gao, Y. Lian, G.L. Xie, J.F. Huang, L. Zhang, M.Y. Ma, C. Zhao, Z.J. Zhang, K. Liu, S.G. Zhang and J. Zhang: Wear, 2018, vol. 402-403, pp. 169-178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.C. Viáfara and A. Sinatora: Wear, 2011, vol. 271, pp. 1689-1700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Hiratsuka and M. Inagaki: Tribol. Int., 2012, vol. 48, pp. 39-43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. Akagaki and D. A. Rigney: Wear, 1991, vol. 149, pp. 353-374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Wang, T.Q. Lei and J.J. Liu: Wear, 1999, vol. 231, pp. 1-11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Bian, S. Maj and D.W. Borland: Wear, 1993, vol. 166, pp. 1-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Roy, A. Pauschitz, J. Wernisch and F. Franek: Mater. Corros. 2004, vol. 55, pp. 259-273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    I.A. Inman, S.R. Rose and P.K. Datta: Tribo. Int., 2006, vol. 39, pp. 1361-1375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Jiang, F.H. Stott and M.M. Stack: Tribol. Int., 1998, vol. 31, pp. 245-256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.C. Lim, M.F. Ashby: Acta Metall., 1987, vol 35, pp. 1-24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K.G. Budinski: Wear, 2013, vol. 301: 401-507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Q.Y. Zhang, S.Q. Wang, X.X. Li, Y. Zhou, K.M. Chen, and X.H. Cui: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 2016, vol. 47A, pp. 5960-5973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    C.C. Viáfara and A. Sinatora: Wear, 2009, vol. 267, pp. 425–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Kayaba and A. Iwabuchi: Wear, 1981, vol. 66, pp. 27-41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Q. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhou, X. X. Li, L. Wang, X. H. Cui and S. Q. Wang: Tribol. Lett., 2016, vol. 63, pp. 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiuyang Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hongyan Ding
    • 1
  • Guanghong Zhou
    • 1
  • Xiaodong Guo
    • 1
  • Man Zhang
    • 1
  • Nianlian Li
    • 1
  • Haibing Wu
    • 1
  • Mujian Xia
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical and Material EngineeringHuaiyin Institute of TechnologyHuaianChina

Personalised recommendations