Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 49, Issue 6, pp 2269–2280 | Cite as

Effect of Thermomechanical Processing and Crystallographic Orientation on the Corrosion Behavior of API 5L X70 Pipeline Steel

  • Enyinnaya OhaeriEmail author
  • Joseph Omale
  • Ubong Eduok
  • Jerzy Szpunar


This work presents the electrochemical response of X70 pipeline steel substrates thermomechanically processed at different conditions. The WE sample was hot rolled at a temperature range of 850 °C to 805 °C and cooled at a rate of 42.75 °C/s. Another sample WD was hot rolled from 880 °C to 815 °C and cooled at a faster rate of 51.5 °C/s. Corrosion tests were conducted electrochemically by potentiodynamic polarization in hydrogen-charged and non-hydrogen-charged environments. A lower corrosion rate was measured with hydrogen charging due to the rapid formation of corrosion product film on pipeline substrate, but WE specimen emerged as the most susceptible to corrosion with and without hydrogen charging. Variations in thermomechanical rolling conditions influenced grain orientation, protective film properties, corrosion, and cracking behavior on both specimens. Cracks were seen in both specimens after hydrogen charging, but specimen WE experienced a more intense deterioration of protective corrosion product film and subsequent cracking. A large part of specimen WD retained its protective corrosion product film after the polarization test, and sites where spalling occurred resulted in pitting with less cracking. Despite weak crystallographic texture noticed in both specimens, WD showed a higher intensity of corrosion-resistant 111||ND-oriented grains, while WE showed a more random distribution of 111||ND-, 011||ND-, and 001||ND-oriented grains with a lower intensity.



The authors are grateful to Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC strategic Grant 470033) for their financial support. The test specimens for this study were supplied by Evraz North America, located in Regina, Saskatchewan Canada. Our gratitude also goes to CANMET, Natural Resources, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada for processing pipeline steel specimens.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enyinnaya Ohaeri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joseph Omale
    • 1
  • Ubong Eduok
    • 1
  • Jerzy Szpunar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of EngineeringUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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