Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 49, Issue 6, pp 2311–2323 | Cite as

Microstructures and Surface Stabilities of {Ni-0.4C-6Ta-xCr, 0 ≤ x ≤ 50 Wt Pct} Cast Alloys at High Temperature

  • Patrice BerthodEmail author


Nickel-based cast alloys rich in chromium and reinforced by TaC carbides are potentially very interesting alloys for applications at elevated temperatures. Unfortunately, unlike cobalt-chromium and iron-chromium alloys, it is difficult to obtain exclusively TaC as primary carbides in Ni-Cr alloys. In alloys containing 30 wt pct Cr tantalum, carbides coexist with chromium carbides. The latter tend to weaken the alloy at elevated temperatures because they become rapidly spherical and then quickly lose their reinforcing effect. In this work, we attempted to stabilize TaC as a single carbide phase by testing different chromium contents in the [0, 50 wt pct] range. Six alloys containing 0.4C and 6Ta, weight contents corresponding to equivalent molar contents, were elaborated by foundry, and their as-cast microstructures were characterized. Samples of all alloys were exposed to 1127 °C and 1237 °C for 24 hours to characterize their stabilized microstructures. The surface fractions of chromium carbides and tantalum carbides were measured by image analysis, and their evolutions vs the chromium content were studied. For the chosen C and Ta contents, it appears that obtaining TaC only is possible by decreasing the chromium content to 10 wt pct. At the same time, TaC fractions are unfortunately too low because a large portion of tantalum integrates into the solid solution in the matrix. A second consequence is a critical decrease in oxidation resistance. Other possible methods to stabilize TaC as a single carbide are evocated, such as the simultaneous increase in Ta and decrease in chromium from 30 wt pct Cr.



The author wishes to thank Miss Zohra Himeur, Master’s student in the trainee period who helped him technically in this work.


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© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologiesUniversity of LorraineVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, Institut Jean Lamour (UMR 7198), Department CP2SUniversity of LorraineVandoeuvre-lès-NancyFrance

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