Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 2349–2362 | Cite as

Microstructure and Texture Development during Cold Rolling in UNS S32205 and UNS S32760 Duplex Stainless Steels

  • Amit Kumar
  • Rajesh Kisni Khatirkar
  • Darshan Chalapathi
  • Gulshan Kumar
  • Satyam Suwas

In the present study, microstructure and texture evolution during cold rolling in UNS S32205 and UNS S32760 duplex stainless steel was investigated. Both steels were unidirectionally cold rolled up to 80 pct thickness reduction. Scanning electron microscopy and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) were used for microstructural characterization, while X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used for the measurement of bulk texture. Strain-induced martensite (SIM) was identified and quantified with the help of magnetic measurements (B–H curve and magnetization saturation). With the increase in plastic strain, the grains became morphologically elongated along the rolling direction with the reduction in average band thickness and band spacing. SIM increased with the increase in deformation and was found to be a function of strain and the SFE of austenite. The increase in SIM was much more pronounced in UNS S32205 steel as compared to UNS S32760 steel. After cold rolling, strong α-fiber (RD//〈110〉) texture was developed in ferrite, while brass texture was dominant in austenite for both steels. The strength of texture components and fibers was stronger in UNS S32760 steel. Another significant feature was the development of weak γ-fiber (ND//〈111〉) in UNS S32760 steel at intermediate deformation.


Ferrite Austenite Shear Band Cold Rolling Stack Fault Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are thankful to The Director, VNIT Nagpur, for his constant encouragement to publish this article. The authors acknowledge the use of the National Facility of Texture & OIM (a DST-IRPHA facility) for the EBSD and bulk texture measurements. One of the authors (RKK) acknowledges the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) for financial assistance (Grant No. SB/FTP/ETA-0188/2014) to carry out this work. The help of Dr. Satish Shekhawat with performing the magnetic measurements is also gratefully acknowledged. RKK also acknowledges the University Grant Commission’s Networking Resource Centre for Materials (UGC-NRCM) for financial assistance.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringVisvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT)NagpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThapar UniversityPatialaIndia
  3. 3.Department of Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of Science (IISc)BengaluruIndia

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