Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 3664–3676 | Cite as

Surface Integrity and Structural Stability of Broached Inconel 718 at High Temperatures

  • Z. ChenEmail author
  • R. Lin Peng
  • J. Moverare
  • P. Avdovic
  • J. M. Zhou
  • S. Johansson


The current study focused on the surface integrity issues associated with broaching of Inconel 718 and the structural stability of the broached specimen at high temperatures, mainly involving the microstructural changes and residual stress relaxation. The broaching operation was performed using similar cutting conditions as that used in turbo machinery industries for machining fir-tree root fixings on turbine disks. Thermal exposure was conducted at 723 K, 823 K, and 923 K (450 °C, 550 °C, and 650 °C) for 30, 300, and 3000 hours, respectively. Surface cavities and debris dragging, sub-surface cracks, high intensity of plastic deformation, as well as the generation of tensile residual stresses were identified to be the main issues in surface integrity for the broached Inconel 718. When a subsequent heating was applied, surface recrystallization and α-Cr precipitation occurred beneath the broached surface depending on the applied temperature and exposure time. The plastic deformation induced by the broaching is responsible for these microstructural changes. The surface tension was completely relaxed in a short time at the temperature where surface recrystallization occurred. The tensile layer on the sub-surface, however, exhibited a much higher resistance to the stress relief annealing. Oxidation is inevitable at high temperatures. The study found that the surface recrystallization could promote the local Cr diffusion on the broached surface.


Residual Stress Oxide Scale Compressive Residual Stress Surface Integrity White Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Ms. Annethe Billenius from Linköping University, for the help with the laboratory work, Agora Materiae, Faculty Grant SFO-MAT-LiU#2009-00971 at Linköping University, Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery AB for their valuable supports.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Lin Peng
    • 1
  • J. Moverare
    • 1
  • P. Avdovic
    • 2
  • J. M. Zhou
    • 3
  • S. Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Engineering MaterialsLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  2. 2.Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery ABFinspångSweden
  3. 3.Division of Production and Materials EngineeringLund UniversityLundSweden

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