Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 12, pp 5514–5525 | Cite as

High Wear Resistance of White Cast Iron Treated by Novel Process: Principle and Mechanism

  • Xiaoshuai Jia
  • Xunwei Zuo
  • Yu Liu
  • Nailu Chen
  • Yonghua Rong


Based on microstructure desired, a novel process is proposed to treat Fe-2.4C-12.0Cr (mass pct) white cast iron balls, that is, destabilizing heat treatment following multicycle quenching and sub-critical treatment (De-MQ-Sct) process, and such a complex process is simply performed by alternate water quenching and air cooling. For comparison, the white cast iron balls also were treated by conventional normalization (NOR) process and Oil-quenching process, respectively. The partitioning of carbon from martensite to retained austenite during De-MQ-Sct process promotes the interaction between carbide precipitation and martensitic transformation, while this interaction is a unique effect only produced by multicycle quenching linking destabilizing and sub-critical treatments, which leads to more and finer secondary carbides and more carbon-enriched austenite in De-MQ-Sct sample than those in NOR or Oil-quenching sample. The average hardness of 60 HRC and impact toughness of 12.6 J/cm2 are obtained in De-MQ-Sct white cast iron balls, which are much higher than those in NOR and Oil-quenching ones. The wear behaviours measured by pin-on-disk wear tests indicate that the weight loss of De-MQ-Sct sample is only about one third of the NOR sample and one half of the Oil-quenching sample. Microstructural characterization reveals that high wear resistance related to hardness and toughness of the De-MQ-Sct balls are mainly attributed to the considerable fine secondary carbides and stable carbon-enriched retained austenite.


Austenite Martensite Pearlite Martensitic Transformation Wear Surface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The work is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51371117 and No. 51031001).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoshuai Jia
    • 1
  • Xunwei Zuo
    • 1
  • Yu Liu
    • 1
  • Nailu Chen
    • 1
  • Yonghua Rong
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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