Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 10, pp 4610–4628 | Cite as

Evaluating Local Primary Dendrite Arm Spacing Characterization Techniques Using Synthetic Directionally Solidified Dendritic Microstructures

  • Mark A. Tschopp
  • Jonathan D. Miller
  • Andrew L. Oppedal
  • Kiran N. Solanki
Symposium: Multiscale Microstructure, Mechanics and Prognosis of High Temperature Alloys


Microstructure characterization continues to play an important bridge to understanding why particular processing routes or parameters affect the properties of materials. This statement certainly holds true in the case of directionally solidified dendritic microstructures, where characterizing the primary dendrite arm spacing is vital to developing the process–structure–property relationships that can lead to the design and optimization of processing routes for defined properties. In this work, four series of simulations were used to examine the capability of a few Voronoi-based techniques to capture local microstructure statistics (primary dendrite arm spacing and coordination number) in controlled (synthetically generated) microstructures. These simulations used both cubic and hexagonal microstructures with varying degrees of disorder (noise) to study the effects of length scale, base microstructure, microstructure variability, and technique parameters on the local PDAS distribution, local coordination number distribution, bulk PDAS, and bulk coordination number. The Voronoi tesselation technique with a polygon-side-length criterion correctly characterized the known synthetic microstructures. By systematically studying the different techniques for quantifying local primary dendrite arm spacings, we have evaluated their capability to capture this important microstructure feature in different dendritic microstructures, which can be an important step for experimentally correlating with both processing and properties in single crystal nickel-based superalloys.



The authors would like to acknowledge AFOSR for support for this research through contract FA9550-12-1-0135 (PM: Dr. David Stargel, AFOSR/RSA). The authors would like to acknowledge initial discussions with M. Groeber (Air Force Research Laboratory) in the beginning stages of this project. Additionally, the authors acknowledge R. Carino (Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University) for helping implement the scripts utilized herein into a more user-friendly GUI environment.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. Tschopp
    • 1
  • Jonathan D. Miller
    • 2
  • Andrew L. Oppedal
    • 3
  • Kiran N. Solanki
    • 4
  1. 1.US Army Research LaboratoryAberdeen Proving GroundUSA
  2. 2.Air Force Research LaboratoryWright-Patterson AFBUSA
  3. 3.Center for Advanced Vehicular SystemsMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  4. 4.School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and EnergyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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