Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp 1597–1609 | Cite as

Precise Analysis of Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Properties of Cast ADC12 Aluminum Alloy

  • Mitsuhiro OkayasuEmail author
  • Shuhei Takeuchi
  • Masaki Yamamoto
  • Hiroaki Ohfuji
  • Toshihiro Ochi


The effects of microstructural characteristics (secondary dendrite arm spacing, SDAS) and Si- and Fe-based eutectic structures on the mechanical properties and failure behavior of an Al-Si-Cu alloy are investigated. Cast Al alloy samples are produced using a special continuous-casting technique with which it is easy to control both the sizes of microstructures and the direction of crystal orientation. Dendrite cells appear to grow in the casting direction. There are linear correlations between SDAS and tensile properties (ultimate tensile strength σ UTS, 0.2 pct proof strength σ 0.2, and fracture strain ε f). These linear correlations, however, break down, especially for σ UTS vs SDAS and ε f vs SDAS, as the eutectic structures become more than 3 μm in diameter, when the strength and ductility (σ UTS and ε f) decrease significantly. For eutectic structures larger than 3 μm, failure is dominated by the brittle eutectic phases, for which SDAS is no longer strongly correlated with σ UTS and ε f. In contrast, a linear correlation is obtained between σ 0.2 and SDAS, even for eutectic structures larger than 3 μm, and the eutectic structure does not have a strong effect on yield behavior. This is because failure in the eutectic phases occurs just before final fracture. In situ failure observation during tensile testing is performed using microstructural and lattice characteristics. From the experimental results obtained, models of failure during tensile loading are proposed.


Ultimate Tensile Strength Casting Speed Eutectic Phase Eutectic Structure Cast Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by a grant (Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), 2014) from the Japanese Government (Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture) and the Light Metal Educational Foundation Inc.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsuhiro Okayasu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shuhei Takeuchi
    • 1
  • Masaki Yamamoto
    • 1
  • Hiroaki Ohfuji
    • 2
  • Toshihiro Ochi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  2. 2.Geodynamics Research CenterEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  3. 3.Ochi Foundry IncSaijoJapan

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