Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 260–269 | Cite as

Plastic Deformation Behavior and Microstructural Evolution of Al-Core/Cu-Sheath Composites in Multi-pass Caliber Rolling

  • Jung Gi Kim
  • Marat I. Latypov
  • Dong Jun Lee
  • Ha-Guk Jeong
  • Jong Beom Lee
  • Sunghak Lee
  • Hyoung Seop Kim


Plastic deformation behavior and microstructural evolution of an Al-core/Cu-sheath composite during multi-pass caliber rolling are investigated using the finite element simulations and experimental analyses. The simulated equivalent plastic strains generated by 1 to 7 pass caliber rolling are correlated with the hardness values and microstructures measured in the longitudinal cross sections of the specimens. The average strains developed in the Al-core and Cu-sheath are almost identical, which satisfy the quasi-isostrain condition in composites with inner soft and outer hard materials. Both the Al-core and Cu-sheath exhibit increasing hardness, but decreasing hardening rates with an increase in the number of passes. The increasing hardness with an increase in the number of caliber rolling passes is attributable to the combined effect of increased dislocation density and decreased grain size. The simulated results for the hardness were shown to be in good agreement with the experimental data for Cu and Al. It was concluded that the finite element method is well placed as a tool for describing and predicting deformation behaviors during caliber rolling.


Dislocation Density Misorientation Angle Equivalent Strain Equivalent Plastic Strain Finite Element Method Simulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was supported by a Grant from the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials (10037206) funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Korea. A helpful discussion about CMWP analyses with Prof. Tamas Ungar is greatly appreciated.


  1. 1.
    A.C. Manalo, T. Aravinthan, and W. Karunasena: Constr. Build. Mater., 2013, vol. 47, pp. 1317–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ł. Smakosz and J. Tejchman: Mater. Des., 2014, vol. 54, pp. 1068–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Deaquino-Lara, E. Gutiérrez-Castañeda, I. Estrada-Guel, G. Hinojosa-Ruiz, E. García-Sánchez, J.M. Herrera-Ramírez, R. Pérez-Bustamante, and R. Martínez-Sánchez: Mater. Des., 2014, vol. 53, pp. 1104–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Rani, J.K. Juneja, S. Singh, C. Prakash, and K.K. Raina: J. Magn. Magn. Mater., 2013, vol. 345, pp. 55–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.M. Ha, H.L. Lee, S.-G. Lee, B.G. Kim, Y.S. Kim, J.C. Won, W.J. Choi, D.C. Lee, J. Kim, and Y. Yoo: Compos. Sci. Technol., 2013, vol. 88, pp. 113–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.-Z. Liang: Compos. Part B Eng., 2014, vol. 56, pp. 431–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Nedelcu and I. Carcea: Met. Mater. Int., 2013, vol.19, pp.105–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    C.G. Kang, Y.J. Jung, and H.C. Kwon: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2002, vol. 124, pp. 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H.J. Park, K.H. Na, N.S. Cho, Y.S. Lee, and S.W. Kim: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 1997, vol. 67, pp. 24–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M.I. Latypov, D. Lee, H.-G. Jeong, J. Lee, and H.S. Kim: Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 2013, vol. 44, pp. 4031–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Kiuchi and R.-Q. Hsu: CIRP Ann.Manufac. Technol., 1990, vol. 39, pp. 271–74.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D.C. Ko, S.K. Lee, B.M. Kim, H.H. Jo, and H. Jo: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2007, vol. 186, pp. 22–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Mori and S. Kurimoto: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 1996, vol. 56, pp. 242–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    X. Li, G. Zu, M. Ding, and P. Wang:. Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2011, vol. 529, pp. 485–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    C.H. Jeon, S.W. Han, C.J. Yan Tyne, and Y.H. Moon: Met. Mater. Int., 2013, vol. 19, pp. 1069–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    E.Y. Kim, J.H. Cho, H.W. Kim, and S.H. Choi: Korean J. Met. Mater., 2013, vol. 51, pp. 41–50.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.H. Lee and J.H. Kim: Korean J. Met. Mater., 2013, vol. 51, pp. 251–57.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    K.S. Lee, S.E. Lee, J.S. Kim, M.J. Kim, D.H. Bae, and Y.N. Kwon: Korean J. Met. Mater., 2013, vol. 51, pp. 535–45.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Deqing, S. Ziyuan, and Q. Ruobin: Scripta Mater., 2007, vol. 56, pp. 369–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R.Z. Valiev, R.K. Islamgaliev, and I.V. Alexandrov: Prog. Mater. Sci., 2000, vol. 45, pp. 103–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. Estrin and A. Vinogradov: Acta Mater., 2013, vol. 61, pp. 782–817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    E.Y. Yoon, D.J. Lee, B. Park, M.R. Akbarpour, M. Farvizi, and H.S. Kim: Met. Mater. Int., 2013, vol. 19, pp. 927–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Song, W. Wang, D. Gao, E.Y. Yoon, D.J. Lee, and H.S. Kim: Met. Mater. Int., 2014, vol. 20, pp. 445–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H.S. Kim, S.H. Joo, and H.J. Jeong: Korean J. Met. Mater., 2013, vol. 51, pp. 535–45.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.Y. Yuan, L.W. Zhang, S.L. Liao, G.D. Jiang, Y.S. Yu, and M. Qi: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2009, vol. 209, pp. 2760–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Ding, N. Shen, and Y.C. Shin: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2012, vol. 212, pp. 1003–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    X.H. An, Q.Y. Lin, S.D. Wu, Z.F. Zhang, R.B. Figueiredo, N. Gao, and T.G. Langdon: Scripta Mater., 2011, vol. 4, pp. 954–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S.C. Yoon, A. Krishnaiah, U. Chakkingal, and H.S. Kim: Comput. Mater. Sci., 2008, vol. 43, pp. 641–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Y. Kimura, T. Inoue, F. Yin, and K. Tsuzaki: Science, 2008, vol. 23, pp. 1057–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    K. Komori: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2003, vol. 143-144, pp. 367–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    K. Komori: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 1997, vol. 71, pp. 329–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Inoue, F. Yin, and Y. Kimura: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2007, vol. 466, pp. 114–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.Y. Kang, B. Bacroix, H. Réglé, K.H. Oh, and H.C. Lee: Acta Mater., 2007, vol. 55, pp. 4935–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    K. Peng, X. Mou, J. Zeng, L.L. Shaw, and K.W. Qian: Comput. Mater. Sci., 2011, vol. 50, pp. 1526–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. Petruska: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2003, vol. 143-144, pp. 300–05.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Y. Estrin: in Unified Constitutive Laws of Plastic Deformation, A.S. Krausz and K. Krausz, eds., Academic Press. Inc., London, 1996, pp. 69–107.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    H.S. Kim, M.B. Bush, and Y. Estrin: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2000, vol. 276, pp. 175–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    D.J. Lee, E.Y. Yoon, S.H. Lee, S.Y. Kang and H.S. Kim: Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci., 2012, vol. 31, pp. 25–30.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    G. Ribarik, T. Ungar, and J. Gubicza: J. Appl. Crystallogr., 2001, vol. 34, pp. 669–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    T. Ungar: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2001, vol. 309–310, pp. 14–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    H.S. Kim, S.I. Hong, and S.-J. Kim: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2001, vol. 112, pp. 109–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Y. Estrin and H. Mecking: Acta Metall., 1984, vol. 32, pp. 57–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    P. Zhang, S.X. Li and Z.F. Zhang: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2011, vol. 529, pp. 62–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    T. Inoue, Z. Horita, H. Somekawa, and K. Ogawa: Acta Mater., 2008, vol. 56, pp. 6291–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    X. Mou, K. Peng, J. Zeng, L.L. Shaw, and K.W. Qian: J. Mater. Proc. Technol., 2011, vol. 211, pp. 590–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    E.M. Lawrence: Interfacial Phenomena in Metals and Alloys, Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., Reading, 1975, p. 376.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Y.H. Zhao, Y.Y. Liao, and Y.T. Zhu: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2005, vol. 410–411, pp. 188–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    C.X. Huang, G. Yang, Z.F. Zhang, S.D. Wu, and G. Gottstein: Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 2012, vol. 556, pp. 638–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    R. Smallman and D. Green: Acta Metall., 1964, vol. 12, pp. 145–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jung Gi Kim
    • 1
  • Marat I. Latypov
    • 3
  • Dong Jun Lee
    • 3
  • Ha-Guk Jeong
    • 2
  • Jong Beom Lee
    • 2
  • Sunghak Lee
    • 3
  • Hyoung Seop Kim
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringPohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)PohangSouth Korea
  2. 2.Production Technology R&D DepartmentKorea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH)IncheonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Center for Advanced Aerospace MaterialsPohang University of Science and TechnologyPohangSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations