Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 407–425 | Cite as

The Effect of Simulated Thermomechanical Processing on the Transformation Behavior and Microstructure of a Low-Carbon Mo-Nb Linepipe Steel

  • P. Cizek
  • B. P. Wynne
  • C. H. J. Davies
  • P. D. Hodgson


The present work investigates the transformation behavior of a low-carbon Mo-Nb linepipe steel and the corresponding transformation product microstructures using deformation dilatometry. The continuous cooling transformation (CCT) diagrams have been constructed for both the fully recrystallized austenite and that deformed in uniaxial compression at 1148 K (875 °C) to a strain of 0.5 for cooling rates ranging from 0.1 to about 100 K/s. The obtained microstructures have been studied in detail using electron backscattered diffraction complemented by transmission electron microscopy. Heavy deformation of the parent austenite has caused a significant expansion of the polygonal ferrite transformation field in the CCT diagram, as well as a shift in the non-equilibrium ferrite transformation fields toward higher cooling rates. Furthermore, the austenite deformation has resulted in a pronounced refinement in both the effective grain (sheaf/packet) size and substructure unit size of the non-equilibrium ferrite microstructures. The optimum microstructure expected to display an excellent balance between strength and toughness is a mix of quasi-polygonal ferrite and granular bainite (often termed “acicular ferrite”) produced from the heavily deformed austenite within a processing window covering the cooling rates from about 10 to about 100 K/s.


Ferrite Austenite Bainite Prior Austenite Polygonal Ferrite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Financial support provided by the Australian Research Council is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Cizek
    • 1
  • B. P. Wynne
    • 2
  • C. H. J. Davies
    • 3
  • P. D. Hodgson
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Frontier MaterialsDeakin UniversityWaurn PondsAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia

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