Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 45, Issue 12, pp 5318–5331 | Cite as

Effects of Friction Stir Processing Parameters and In Situ Passes on Microstructure and Tensile Properties of Al-Si-Mg Casting

  • G. R. Cui
  • D. R. Ni
  • Z. Y. MaEmail author
  • S. X. Li


Friction stir processing (FSP) was applied to modify the microstructure of an as-cast A356 alloy. The effects of rotation rate, travel speed, in situ FSP pass, FSP direction, and artificial aging on microstructures and tensile properties were investigated. FSP broke up the coarse eutectic Si phase into 2.5 to 3.5 μm particles and distributed them homogeneously, and resulted in the dissolution of the coarse Mg2Si particles and the elimination of porosity, thereby improving both the strength and the ductility of the casting. Increasing the rotation rate was beneficial to breaking up and dissolving the particles, but it contributed little to eliminating the porosity. The travel speed did not affect the size of the particles apparently, but lower speed was beneficial to eliminating the porosity. 2-pass FSP showed an obvious advantage in the microstructure modification and tensile properties compared with the single-pass. However, a further increase of FSP passes only resulted in slight improvement. The FSP direction of the following pass did not show distinct effect on the microstructure and tensile properties. After post-FSP artificial aging, the strengthening phase (β″-Mg2Si) precipitated, which increased the strength and decreased the ductility of the FSP samples.


Rotation Rate Friction Stir Processing Travel Speed A356 Alloy Stir Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Friction stir processing


Friction stir welding


Base material


Stirred zone


Differential scanning calorimeter


Scanning electron microscopy


Yield strength


Ultimate tensile strength


Uniform elongation




Opposite direction



The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 51331008.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials ScienceInstitute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of SciencesShenyangP.R.China
  2. 2.Harbin Institute of Technology at WeihaiWeihaiP.R.China

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