Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 45, Issue 10, pp 4484–4498 | Cite as

Influence of Minor Alloying Elements on Selective Oxidation and Reactive Wetting of CMnSi TRIP Steel during Hot Dip Galvanizing

  • Lawrence Cho
  • Myung Soo Kim
  • Young Ha Kim
  • Bruno C. De Cooman


The influence of the addition of minor alloying elements on the selective oxidation and the reactive wetting of CMnSi transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels was studied by means of galvanizing simulator tests. Five TRIP steels containing small alloying additions of Cr, Ni, Ti, Cu, and Sn were investigated. After intercritical annealing (IA) at 1093 K (820 °C) in a N2 + 5 pct H2 gas atmosphere with a dew point of 213 K (−60 °C), two types of oxides were formed on the strip surface: Mn-rich xMnO·SiO2 (x > 1.5) and Si-rich xMnO·SiO2 (x < 0.3) oxides. The addition of the minor alloying elements changed the morphology of the Si-rich oxides from a continuous film to discrete islands and this improved the wettability by molten Zn. The improved wetting effect of the minor alloying elements was attributed to an increased area fraction of the surface where the oxides were thinner, enabling a direct unhindered reaction between Fe and the Al in the liquid Zn and the formation of the inhibition layer during the hot dip galvanizing. The addition of a small amount of Sn is shown to significantly decrease the density of Zn-coating defects on CMnSi TRIP steels.


Trip Steel Intercritical Annealing Reactive Wetting Surface Active Element Intercritical Annealing Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of POSCO. The suggestions of Dr. Kwang Soo Shin of RIST (Pohang, Korea) on the interpretation of the results reported in the manuscript are highly appreciated.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence Cho
    • 1
  • Myung Soo Kim
    • 2
  • Young Ha Kim
    • 2
  • Bruno C. De Cooman
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Materials Design Laboratory, Graduate Institute of Ferrous TechnologyPohang University of Science and TechnologyPohangSouth Korea
  2. 2.POSCO Technical Research LaboratoriesGwangyangSouth Korea
  3. 3.Graduate Institute of Ferrous TechnologyPohang University of Science and TechnologyPohangSouth Korea

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