Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 44, Issue 6, pp 2778–2798 | Cite as

Plastic Flow and Microstructure Evolution during Thermomechanical Processing of a PM Nickel-Base Superalloy

  • S. L. Semiatin
  • K. E. McClary
  • A. D. Rollett
  • C. G. Roberts
  • E. J. Payton
  • F. Zhang
  • T. P. Gabb


Plastic flow and microstructure evolution during sub- and supersolvus forging and subsequent supersolvus heat treatment of the powder-metallurgy superalloy LSHR (low-solvus, high-refractory) were investigated to develop an understanding of methods that can be used to obtain a moderately coarse gamma grain size under well-controlled conditions. To this end, isothermal, hot compression tests were conducted over broad ranges of temperature [(1144 K to 1450 K) 871 °C to 1177 °C] and constant true strain rate (0.0005 to 10 s−1). At low temperatures, deformation was generally characterized by flow softening and dynamic recrystallization that led to a decrease in grain size. At high subsolvus temperatures and low strain rates, steady-state flow or flow hardening was observed. These latter behaviors were ascribed to superplastic deformation and microstructure evolution characterized by a constant grain size or concomitant dynamic grain growth, respectively. During supersolvus heat treatment following subsolvus deformation, increases in grain size whose magnitude was a function of the prior deformation conditions were noted. A transition in flow behavior from superplastic to nonsuperplastic and the development during forging at a high subsolvus temperature of a wide (possibly bi- or multimodal) gamma-grain-size distribution having some large grains led to a substantially coarser grain size during supersolvus annealing in comparison to that produced under all other forging conditions.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Semiatin
    • 1
  • K. E. McClary
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. D. Rollett
    • 4
  • C. G. Roberts
    • 5
  • E. J. Payton
    • 6
  • F. Zhang
    • 7
  • T. P. Gabb
    • 8
  1. 1.Air Force Research Laboratory, Materials and Manufacturing DirectorateAFRL/RXCM, Wright-Patterson Air Force BaseUSA
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentWright State UniversityDaytonUSA
  3. 3.The Hall CompanyUrbanaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  5. 5.Vallourec and Mannesmann USA CorporationYoungstownUSA
  6. 6.Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM)BerlinGermany
  7. 7.Computherm, LLCMadisonUSA
  8. 8.NASA Glenn Research CenterClevelandUSA

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