Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 42, Issue 11, pp 3447–3458 | Cite as

Investigation of the Effects of Ni, Fe, and Mn on the Formation of Complex Intermetallic Compounds in Al-Si-Cu-Mg-Ni Alloys

  • R. Gholizadeh
  • S. G. ShabestariEmail author


The aim of this work is to partially substitute Fe and Mn for Ni in the 3HA piston alloy and to study the consequences through microstructural evaluation and the thermal analysis technique. Three types of near-eutectic alloys containing (2.6 wt pct Ni-0.2 wt pct Fe-0.1 wt pct Mn), (1.8 wt pct Ni-0.75 wt pct Fe-0.3 wt pct Mn), and (1 wt pct Ni-1.15 wt pct Fe-0.6 wt pct Mn) were produced, and their solidification was studied at the cooling rate of 0.9 K/s (°C/s) using the computer-aided thermal analysis technique. Optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to study the microstructure of the samples, and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis was used to identify the composition of the phases. Also, the quantity of the phases was measured using the image analysis technique. The results show that Ni mainly participates as Al3Ni, Al9FeNi, and Al3CuNi phases in the high Ni-containing alloy (2.6 wt pct Ni). In addition, substitution of Ni by Fe and Mn makes Al9FeNi the only Ni-rich phase, and Al12(Fe,Mn)3Si2 appears as an important Fe-rich intermetallic compound in the alloys with the higher Fe and Mn contents.


Intermetallic Compound Al3Ni 3Si2 Phase Thermal Analysis Curve Piston Alloy 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Processing (CEAMP), School of Metallurgy and Materials EngineeringIran University of Science and Technology (IUST)Narmak, TehranIran

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