Thermodynamic properties and phase diagram by the statistical moment and cluster variation methods: Application to pure metals and Ta-W alloys
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The thermodynamic quantities of metals and alloys are studied using the moment method in the quantum statistical mechanics, going beyond the quasi-harmonic (QH) approximations. Including the power moments of the atomic displacements up to the fourth order, the free energies and the related thermodynamic quantities are derived explicitly in closed analytic forms. The configurational entropy term is taken into account by coupling the moment expansion scheme with the cluster variation method (CVM). The energetics of the binary (TaW) alloys are treated within the framework of the first-principles tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital (TB-LMTO) method coupled to the coherent potential approximation (CPA) and generalized perturbation method (GPM). The equilibrium phase diagrams are calculated for the refractory Ta-W bcc alloys.
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