Nanostructured Ni-Co alloys with tailorable grain size and twin density
- Cite this article as:
- Wu, B.Y.C., Schuh, C.A. & Ferreira, P.J. Metall and Mat Trans A (2005) 36: 1927. doi:10.1007/s11661-005-0056-9
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We present an experimental approach to systematically produce nanostructures with various grain sizes and twin densities in the Ni-Co binary system. Using electrodeposition with various applied current densities and organic additive contents in the deposition bath, we synthesize nanostructured fcc and hcp solid solutions with a range of compositions. Due to the low stacking fault energy (SFE) of these alloys, growth twins are readily formed during deposition, and by adjusting the deposition conditions, a range of twin boundary densities is possible. The resulting nanostructured alloys cannot be described by a single characteristic length scale, but instead must be characterized in terms of (1) a true grain size pertaining to general high-angle grain boundaries and (2) an effective grain size that incorporates twin boundaries. Analysis of Hall-Petch strength scaling for these materials is complicated by their dual length scales, but the hardness trends found in Ni-80Co are found to be roughly in line with those seen in pure nanocrystalline nickel.