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Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 33, Issue 7, pp 1931–1938 | Cite as

Flow stress and ductility of duplex stainless steel during high-temperature torsion deformation

  • L. Duprez
  • B. C. De Cooman
  • N. Akdut
Article

Abstract

Hot torsion tests were performed on a duplex stainless steel (DSS)-type EN1.4462 steel. The temperature was varied in the range from 950 °C to 1200 °C, while the strain rate was varied from 0.01/s to 2/s. The mean flow stress (MFS) was fitted to the hyperbolic sine function proposed by Sellars and Tegart. An activation energy for plastic deformation of Q HW = 425 kJ/mol was obtained. The high value was explained by the fact that, in addition to the softening of ferrite (α) and austenite (γ), there was a decrease in the volume fraction of the high-strength austenite with increasing temperature. For higher values of the Zener-Holomon parameter (Z), the MFS showed a linear dependence on ln (Z), which was related to the gradual disappearance of a yield-point-elongation-like effect. This yield-point-elongation-like effect was characterized by a nonstrengthening plateau during the initial stages of plastic deformation. The strain to rupture and the dynamic softening were both found to decrease for higher values of ln (Z). Therefore, the ductility was directly related to the amount of dynamic softening, i.e., dynamic recrystallization (DRX) of the austenitic phase. At higher strain rates, significant dynamic softening was only observed for temperatures above 1100 °C. The strain-rate sensitivity (m) was found to vary from 0.13 at 950 °C to 0.22 at 1200 °C.

Keywords

Ferrite Austenite Material Transaction Flow Stress High Strain Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© ASM International & TMS-The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Duprez
    • 1
  • B. C. De Cooman
    • 1
  • N. Akdut
    • 2
  1. 1.the Laboratory for Iron and SteelmakingGhent UniversityGhenBelgium
  2. 2.Ocas NVZelzateBelgium

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