Advertisement

Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 73–79 | Cite as

Consensus-based recommendations for case report in Chinese medicine (CARC)

  • Shu-fei Fu (付姝菲)
  • Chung-wah Cheng (郑颂华)
  • Li Zhang (张 莉)
  • Linda Li-dan Zhong (钟丽丹)
  • Wai Kun (管 伟)
  • Jia Lin (林 佳)
  • Bo-li Zhang (张伯礼)
  • Yong-yan Wang (王永炎)
  • Hong-cai Shang (商洪才)Email author
  • Zhao-xiang Bian (卞兆祥)Email author
Regulation and Guideline

Abstract

Case reports are valuable clinical evidence in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). However, the general reporting quality is suboptimal. A working group comprising 20 members was set up to develop systematic recommendations on case report in Chinese medicine (CARC). The working group (CARC group) developed a primary checklist based on reviewing the general reporting quality of case reports in TCM and thorough internal discussion. Two-round consensus process had been carried out among clinical experts, evidence-based medicine methodologists, medical journal editors and clinical practitioners with designated questionnaire embedded with the primary checklist. In total, 118 participants from 17 provinces of China and Korea completed the questionnaires. Their feedback was analyzed and discussed by the CARC group. The checklist was amended accordingly, and the final version, comprising 16-item, is presented here. Under the framework of CARC recommendations, the reporting quality of case reports in TCM can be improved.

Keywords

case report Chinese medicine reporting recommendations 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Jiang G, ed. Classified case records of celebrated physicians. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House; 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ye TS, ed. Case records as a guide to clinical practice. Beijing: China Press of Traditional Chinese Medicine; 2008.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Li SZ, ed. Augmented compendium of materia medica. Shanghai: The Commercial Press; 1908.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhang ZJ, ed. Treatise on cold damage and miscellaneous disease. Shijiazhuang: China: Hebei Science and Technology Press; 1994.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhao Y, Xie Q, He L, Liu B, Li K, Zhang X, et al. Comparison analysis of data mining models applied to clinical research in traditional Chinese medicine. J Tradit Chin Med 2014;34:627–634.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moher D, Schulz KF, Simera I, Altman DG. Guidance for developers of health research reporting guidelines. PLoS Med 2010;7:e1000217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yang H, Fei YT, Liu JP. Reporting methods for clinical cases on Chinese medicine and experts’ experiences—design of case report. J Tradit Chin Med (Chin) 2008;49:215–217.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang Z, Ji ZH, Jiang M, Ding XR, Lu AP, Shen CT. Suggestion on publication and process norms of traditional Chinese medicine clinical single case. J Beijing Univ Tradit Chin Med (Chin) 2009;32:797–799.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sun GR. Research and writing thinking and methods of medical case records. J Beijing Univ Tradit Chin Med (Chin Med, Chin) 2013;20:3–6.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kelly W, Arellano F, Barnes J, Bergman U, Edwards R, Fernandez A, et al. Guidelines for submitting adverse event reports for publication. Therapie 2009;64:289–294.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gagnier JJ, Kienle G, Altman DG, Moher D, Sox H, Riley D, et al. The CARE guidelines: consensus-based clinical case reporting guideline development. BMJ Case Rep 2013;2013:bcr2013201554.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wu TX, Li YP, Bian ZX, Li TQ, Li J, Dagenais S, et al. Consolidated standards for reporting trials of traditional Chinese medicine (CONSORT for TCM). Chin J Evid Based Med (Chin) 2007;8:625–630.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anonymous. Statements from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. JAMA 1991;20:2697–2698.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bevan JC, Hardy JF. Permission to publish case reports/case series. Can J Anaesth 2004;9:861–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    MacPherson H, Altman DG, Hammerschlag R, Li Y, Wu T, White A, et al. Revised standards for reporting interventions in clinical trials of acupuncture (STRICTA): extending the CONSORT statement. Acupunct Med 2010;2:83–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cheng CW, Fu SF, Zhou QH, Wu TX, Shang HC, Tang XD, et al. Extending the CONSORT statement to moxibustion. J Integr Med 2013;1:54–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brighton B, Bhandari M, Tornetta P 3rd, Felson DT. Hierarchy of evidence: from case reports to randomized controlled trials. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2003;413:19–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sprague S, McKay P, Thoma A. Study design and hierarchy of evidence for surgical decision making. Clin Plast Surg 2008;2:195–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shu-fei Fu (付姝菲)
    • 1
  • Chung-wah Cheng (郑颂华)
    • 2
  • Li Zhang (张 莉)
    • 3
  • Linda Li-dan Zhong (钟丽丹)
    • 2
  • Wai Kun (管 伟)
    • 2
  • Jia Lin (林 佳)
    • 1
  • Bo-li Zhang (张伯礼)
    • 1
  • Yong-yan Wang (王永炎)
    • 4
  • Hong-cai Shang (商洪才)
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  • Zhao-xiang Bian (卞兆祥)
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese MedicineTianjinChina
  2. 2.School of Chinese MedicineHong Kong Baptist UniversityHong Kong SARChina
  3. 3.Second Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese MedicineTianjinChina
  4. 4.China Academy of Chinese Medical SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Chinese Internal Medicine of Ministry of Education and BeijingDongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese MedicineBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations