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Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 277–281 | Cite as

Electroacupuncture on PC6 prevents opioid-induced nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic surgery

  • Siwoo Lee
  • Myeong Soo Lee
  • Deok Hwa Choi
  • Su Kyung LeeEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Objective

To investigate the treatment time dependence of electroacupuncture (EA) on Neiguan (PC6) for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV).

Methods

One hundred and seventy-eight patients, who had received intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) with Fentanyl, were assigned randomly to three groups using random numbers: a pre-operative EA group (PrEA), a post-operative EA group (PoEA), and a non-acupuncture control group (NC). An anesthetist evaluated the incidence and severity of nausea and vomiting for 48 h after surgery blindly. The main outcomes were severity and freguency of PONV, which were measured with a self-reported questionnaire and a confirmation from the anesthetist. The data were analyzed with ANOVA and Z-test.

Results

The incidence of nausea and vomiting was significantly lower in the PrEA group than the NC group during 48 h after surgery (P<0.01, P<0.05). The incidence of vomiting was also significantly lower in the PrEA group than the PoEA group (P<0.05). The PoEA subjects evidenced no significant differences compared with the NC subjects in terms of the incidence of nausea and vomiting (P<0.05). The severity of nausea was significantly lower in the PrEA group than in the NC and PoEA groups (P<0.05).

Conclusions

EA on PC6 is effective in the prevention of PONV, and pre-operative acupuncture is more effective than post-operative acupuncture.

Keywords

electroacupuncture Neiguan (PC6) postoperative nausea and vomiting 

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Copyright information

© Chinese Association of the Integration of Traditional and Western Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siwoo Lee
    • 1
  • Myeong Soo Lee
    • 1
  • Deok Hwa Choi
    • 2
  • Su Kyung Lee
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Korea Institute of Oriental MedicineUniversity of Science and Technology DaejeonDaejeonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyWonkwang University School of MedicineIksanSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Oriental Rehabilitation MedicineWonkwang University School of Oriental MedicineIksanSouth Korea

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