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LO SCALPELLO-OTODI Educational

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 297–302 | Cite as

Le fratture del femore prossimale in età pediatrica

  • Carlo Origo
  • Renato Toniolo
  • Carlotta Giusti
  • Nunzio CatenaEmail author
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Proximal femoral fractures in children

Abstract

Proximal femoral fractures are rare in children; however, they are associated with a high rate of complications. They are the consequence of high energy trauma following motor vehicle accidents and falls from greater heights. The ideal treatment for displaced fractures should include anatomical reduction and stable fixation, if possible within 24 hours from the trauma in order to reduce the incidence of sequelae. Adequate fixation may be obtained using Kirschner wires, cannulated screws, plates and screws or external fixators, depending on the type of fracture. Complications include avascular necrosis of the femoral head, coxa vara, nonunion, premature physaeal closure and limb discrepancy.

Notes

Conflitto di interesse

Gli autori Nunzio Catena, Carlotta Giusti, Carlo Origo e Renato Toniolo dichiarano di non avere alcun conflitto di interessi.

Consenso informato e conformità agli standard etici

Tutte le procedure descritte nello studio e che hanno coinvolto esseri umani sono state attuate in conformità alle norme etiche stabilite dalla dichiarazione di Helsinki del 1975 e successive modifiche. Il consenso informato è stato ottenuto da tutti i pazienti inclusi nello studio.

Human and animal rights

L’articolo non contiene alcuno studio eseguito su esseri umani e su animali da parte degli autori.

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana Ortopedici Traumatologi Ospedalieri d’Italia 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlo Origo
    • 1
  • Renato Toniolo
    • 2
  • Carlotta Giusti
    • 2
  • Nunzio Catena
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.SC Ortopedia e Traumatologia PediatricaAON SS Antonio e Biagio e Cesare ArrigoAlessandriaItalia
  2. 2.UOC TraumatologiaOspedale Pediatrico Bambino GesùRomaItalia

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