Advances in Data Analysis and Classification

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 711–730 | Cite as

Fuzzy rule based classification systems for big data with MapReduce: granularity analysis

  • Alberto Fernández
  • Sara del Río
  • Abdullah Bawakid
  • Francisco Herrera
Regular Article


Due to the vast amount of information available nowadays, and the advantages related to the processing of this data, the topics of big data and data science have acquired a great importance in the current research. Big data applications are mainly about scalability, which can be achieved via the MapReduce programming model.It is designed to divide the data into several chunks or groups that are processed in parallel, and whose result is “assembled” to provide a single solution. Among different classification paradigms adapted to this new framework, fuzzy rule based classification systems have shown interesting results with a MapReduce approach for big data. It is well known that the performance of these types of systems has a strong dependence on the selection of a good granularity level for the Data Base. However, in the context of MapReduce this parameter is even harder to determine as it can be also related with the number of Maps chosen for the processing stage. In this paper, we aim at analyzing the interrelation between the number of labels of the fuzzy variables and the scarcity of the data due to the data sampling in MapReduce. Specifically, we consider that as the partitioning of the initial instance set grows, the level of granularity necessary to achieve a good performance also becomes higher. The experimental results, carried out for several Big Data problems, and using the Chi-FRBCS-BigData algorithms, support our claims.


Big data Fuzzy rule based classification systems Granularity MapReduce Hadoop 

Mathematics Subject Classification

68W10 Parallel algorithms 68T05 Learning and adaptive systems 68T10 Pattern recognition 68T37 Reasoning under uncertainty 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Fernández
    • 1
  • Sara del Río
    • 1
  • Abdullah Bawakid
    • 2
  • Francisco Herrera
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Artificial IntelligenceUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Faculty of Computing and Information TechnologyKing Abdulaziz University (KAU)JeddahSaudi Arabia

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