EDCMS: A content management system for engineering documents
- 131 Downloads
Engineers often need to look for the right pieces of information by sifting through long engineering documents. It is a very tiring and time-consuming job. To address this issue, researchers are increasingly devoting their attention to new ways to help information users, including engineers, to access and retrieve document content. The research reported in this paper explores how to use the key technologies of document decomposition (study of document structure), document mark-up (with EXtensible Mark-up Language (XML), HyperText Mark-up Language (HTML), and Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG)), and a facetted classification mechanism. Document content extraction is implemented via computer programming (with Java). An Engineering Document Content Management System (EDCMS) developed in this research demonstrates that as information providers we can make document content in a more accessible manner for information users including engineers.
The main features of the EDCMS system are
1) EDCMS is a system that enables users, especially engineers, to access and retrieve information at content rather than document level. In other words, it provides the right pieces of information that answer specific questions so that engineers don’t need to waste time sifting through the whole document to obtain the required piece of information.
2) Users can use the EDCMS via both the data and metadata of a document to access engineering document content.
3) Users can use the EDCMS to access and retrieve content objects, i.e. text, images and graphics (including engineering drawings) via multiple views and at different granularities based on decomposition schemes.
Experiments with the EDCMS have been conducted on semi-structured documents, a textbook of CADCAM, and a set of project posters in the Engineering Design domain. Experimental results show that the system provides information users with a powerful solution to access document content.
KeywordsDocument content management engineering design decomposition schemes document mark-up facetted classification
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- T. Hendley. Reviewing the Options for Information and Records Management and Collaborative Working. Managing Information and Documents: The Definitive Guide, 16th ed., M-ID, London, pp. 11–35, 2005.Google Scholar
- J. Robertson. Is It Document Management or Content Management? [Online], Available: http://www.steptwo.com.au/ papers/cmb_dmorcm/index.html, June 30, 2006.
- Extending Ccross the Organisation: Reuse and Collaboration with XML-based Content, Dynamic Content Software Strategies Consulting Service. CAP Ventures. [Online], Available: http://www.capv.com, June 30, 2006.
- Sitecore Content Manager. [Online], Availabler: http://www.sitecore.net, June 30, 2006.
- A. Lowe. Studies of Information Use by Engineering Designers and the Development of Strategies to Aid in its Classification and Retrieval. Ph.D. dissertation, Bristol University, UK, 2002.Google Scholar
- S. B. Harris, J. Owen, M. S. Bloor, I. Hogg. Engineering Document Management Strategy: Analysis of Requirements, Choice of Direction and System Implementation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B—Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 211, no. 5, pp. 385–405, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- P. J. Wild, S. J. Culley, C. A. McMahon, M. J. Darlington, S. Liu. Towards a Method for Profiling Engineering Documentation. In Proceedings of the 9th International Design Conference of DESIGN 2006, University of Zagreb Press, Dubrovnik, Croatia, pp. 1309–1318, 2006.Google Scholar
- S. Liu, C. A. McMahon, M. J. Darlington, S. J. Culley, P. J. Wild. An Approach for Document Fragment Retrieval and its Formatting Issues in Engineering Information Management. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3981, pp. 279–287, 2006.Google Scholar
- S. Klink, A. Dengel, T. Kieninger. Document Structure Analysis Based on Layout and Textual Features. [Online], Available: http://dbis.unitrier.de/Mitarbeiter/klink_files/www/Postscript/DAS2000FinalVersion.pdf, June 30, 2006.
- M. Fowler, K. Scott. UML Distilled: A Brief Guide to the Standard Object Modelling Language, Addison-Wesley, Boston, 2000.Google Scholar
- XML DTD, W3C. [Online], Available: http://www.w3schools.com/dtd/, June 30, 2006.
- DOM, W3C. [Online], Available: http://www.w3.org/DOM/, June 30, 2006.
- D. Zijm. The History of Mark-up Languages. [Online], Available: http://www.luminoussolutions.com/data/history_of_mark-up.pdf, June 30, 2006.
- B. K. Reid. Scribe: a Document Specification Language and its Compiler. Ph.D. dissertation, Carnegie-Mellon University, USA, 1981.Google Scholar
- L. Lamport. LATEX: A Document Preparation System: User’s Guide and Reference Manual. Addison-Wesley, London, 1986.Google Scholar
- Document Mark-up Meta-language: GENCODE and the Standard Generalized Mark-up Language (SGML), GCA standard 101, 1983.Google Scholar
- Office Document Architecture (ODA), ISO/DIS 8613, Information processing, 1986.Google Scholar
- D. W. Langridge. Classification: Its Kinds, Elements, Systems and Applications. Bowker-Saur, London, 1992.Google Scholar
- J. Rowley, J. Farrow. Organising Knowledge: an Introduction to Information Retrieval, 3rd ed. Gower Publishing, London, 2000.Google Scholar
- A. C. Foskett. The Subject Approach to Information, 5th ed., Library Association Publishing, London, 1996.Google Scholar
- A. Taylor. Introduction to Cataloguing and Classification. Libraries Unlimited, London, 1992.Google Scholar
- J. Mills. Facetted Classification and Logical Division in Information Retrieval. Library Trends, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 541–570, 2004.Google Scholar
- T. Quatrani. Visual Modelling with Rational Rose 2000 and UML. Addison-Wesley, Boston, 2000.Google Scholar
- J. D. Eisenberg. SVG Essentials. O’Reilly, Beijing, 2002.Google Scholar
- D. A. Lizorkin, K. Y. Lisovsky. Implementation of the XML Linking Language XLink by Functional Methods. Programming and Computer Software, vol. 319, no. 1, pp. 34–46, 2005.Google Scholar
- XLink and XPointer. W3C. [Online], Available: http://www.w3.org/XML/Linking, June 30, 2006.
- E. Freeman. Head First HTML with CSS and XHTML. O’Reilly, Beijing, 2002.Google Scholar
- G. Falquet, C. L. Mottaz-Jiang, J. C. Ziswiler. Ontology Based Interfaces to Access a Library of Virtual Hyper-books. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3232, pp. 99–110, 2004.Google Scholar
- C. A. McMahon, J. Browne. CADCAM Principles, Practice and Manufacturing Management, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley, Harlow, England, 1998.Google Scholar
- H. S. Na, O. H. Choi. FSMI: MDR-based Metadata Interoperability Framework for Sharing XML Documents, Systems Modelling and Simulation: Theory and Applications. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3398, pp. 343–351, 2005.Google Scholar
- P. Rigaux, and N. Spyratos. Metadata Inference for Document Retrieval in a Distributed Repository. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3321, pp. 418–436, 2004.Google Scholar
- Dublin Core. [Online], Available: http://dublincore.org/, June 30, 2006.
- S. Liu, C. A. McMahon, M. J. Darlington, S. J. Culley, P. J. Wild. An Automatic Mark-up Approach for Structured Document Retrieval in Engineering Design. In Proceeding of International Conference of Manufacturing Research, Liverpool, UK, pp. 23–28, 2006.Google Scholar