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Mineralogy and geochemistry of pozzolans from the Tombel Plain, Bamileke Plateau, and Noun Plain monogenetic volcanoes in the central part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line

  • Mbowou Ngantche Igor Fulbert
  • Owona SébastienEmail author
  • Chako Tchamabe Boris
  • Lissom Justin
  • Lanson Bruno
  • Ekodeck Georges Emmanuel
Original Article

Abstract

Pozzolans from the Tombel Plain, Bamileke Plateau, and Noun Plain, 3 monogenetic volcanic fields in the central part of the Cameroon Volcanic Line (the Tombel Plain, Bamileke Plateau, and Noun Plain), were explored in order to constrain their petrology and make some predictions on their pozzolanicity. The rocks in this study include alkaline and subalkaline basalts, trachy-basalts, and basanites. Most of these rocks present an overall composition that overlaps with primitive mantle, suggesting rapid ascent of magmas, limited crustal contamination and crystal fractionation of olivine, clinopyroxene, and feldspar. The pozzolans present enrichment of LREE relative to HREE and high chondrite normalized ratios of La/Yb and Tb/Yb, ranging between 7 and 20 and > 1.9 respectively, similar to those of Ocean Island Basalts. Like other nearby volcanoes, partial melting in a dominantly garnet-bearing mantle zone can be assumed. Quantitative mineralogy by X-ray diffraction revealed various mineral phases with dominantly plagioclase, augite, olivine, and Fe–Ti oxides. The samples contains important amorphous phase up to 23, 51, and 69 wt% in the Tombel Plain, Noun Plain, and Bamileke Plateau, respectively. This elevated amount of amorphous phases together with the sum of SiO2, Al2O3, and total Fe2O3 (SAI = 68.50–83.50 > 70 wt%) according to ASTM C 618 standard and the sum of CaO, FeO, and MgO (CIM = 14.5–30.52 wt% and 23.58–31.08 wt%) suggest interesting pozzolanicity character for the studied pozzolans.

Keywords

Pozzolans Mineralogy Geochemistry Pozzolanicity Monogenetic volcanic fields Cameroon Volcanic Line 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the ISTerre of Grenoble (France) and Nathaniel Findling for hosting and training the first author on the XRD technique and Rietveld method interpretation as part of his Ph.D. research work. The authors are also thankful to the Ministry of Higher Education of Cameroon for providing Research Modernization Allowance (RMA) that has been very helpful to support part of the field trip and Geochemical analysis expenses.

Supplementary material

11631_2020_403_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (11.6 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 11,902 kb)

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Copyright information

© Science Press and Institute of Geochemistry, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of DoualaDoualaCameroon
  2. 2.Faculty of Science, Department of GeologyUniversity of BueaBueaCameroon
  3. 3.CONACYT-Centro de Ingenieria y Desarrollo Industrial (Sede Campeche)QuerétaroMexico
  4. 4.Institut des Sciences de la Terre (ISTerre)Maison des Sciences de la TerreGrenoble Cedex 9France
  5. 5.Faculty of Science, Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of Yaoundé IYaoundéCameroon

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