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Acta Geochimica

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 327–334 | Cite as

Triple oxygen isotope constraints on the origin of ocean island basalts

  • Xiaobin CaoEmail author
  • Huiming Bao
  • Caihong Gao
  • Yun Liu
  • Fang Huang
  • Yongbo Peng
  • Yining Zhang
Original Article
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

Understanding the origin of ocean island basalts (OIB) has important bearings on Earth’s deep mantle. Although it is widely accepted that subducted oceanic crust, as a consequence of plate tectonics, contributes material to OIB’s formation, its exact fraction in OIB’s mantle source remains ambiguous largely due to uncertainties associated with existing geochemical proxies. Here we show, through theoretical calculation, that unlike many known proxies, triple oxygen isotope compositions (i.e. Δ17O) in olivine samples are not affected by crystallization and partial melting. This unique feature, therefore, allows olivine Δ17O values to identify subducted oceanic crusts in OIB’s mantle source. Furthermore, the fractions of subducted ocean sediments and hydrothermally altered oceanic crust in OIB’s mantle source can be quantified using their characteristic Δ17O values. Based on published Δ17O data, we estimated the fraction of subducted oceanic crust to be as high as 22.3% in certain OIB, but the affected region in the respective mantle plume is likely to be limited.

Keywords

Triple oxygen isotope Helium isotope Ocean island basalts Mantle plume Mantle heterogeneity Crustal recycling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Zhengrong Wang for his helpful comments. H.B. and Y.L. are grateful for funding supports from the strategic priority research program (B) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB18010104) and (XDB18010100) and Chinese NSF Project (41490635). High-performance computational resources were partially provided by Louisiana State University (http://www.hpc.lsu.edu).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interests.

Supplementary material

11631_2019_336_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Science Press and Institute of Geochemistry, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaobin Cao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huiming Bao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Caihong Gao
    • 2
  • Yun Liu
    • 2
  • Fang Huang
    • 3
  • Yongbo Peng
    • 1
  • Yining Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geology and GeophysicsLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Ore Deposit Geochemistry, Institute of GeochemistryChinese Academy of SciencesGuiyangChina
  3. 3.CAS Key Laboratory of Crust-Mantle Materials and Environments, School of Earth and Space SciencesUSTCHefeiChina

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