Acta Geochimica

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 546–558 | Cite as

Basic formation mechanisms of Lake Doroninskoye soda water, East Siberia, Russia

  • Svetlana V. BorzenkoEmail author
  • Leonid V. Zamana
  • Larisa I. Usmanova
Original Article


The primary scientific goal of studying salt lakes is to better understand the formation of small continental-type hydrogeochemical systems. Many scientists have attributed the metamorphism of the chemical composition of salt lakes to the evaporative concentration of water. However, the formation of soda water is inconsistent with this hypothesis. Thus, analyzing intrabasinal biochemical processes and water—rocks interactions during the evaporative concentration of water allows us to understand the major mechanisms of the formation and evolution of water compositions. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to identify the key processes involved in the formation of the chemical composition of the water in Lake Doroninskoye. An analysis of the distribution of major components shows that Na+, HCO3 , CO3 2−, and Cl are dominant in this water. High concentrations of these elements are the result of evaporative water concentration. Calcium, magnesium, and potassium are not accumulated because the water is saturated in minerals containing these elements. The main barrier to the growth of the sulfate content of water is sulfate reduction. This process also contributes to the additional reproduction of carbon dioxide, which reacts with the products of the hydrolysis of aluminosilicates OH to form HCO3 and CO3 2−, thus further contributing to the natural processes of soda formation.


Saline lake Sulfate reduction Thermodynamic equilibrium 



This study was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation The interaction mechanisms, equilibrium state and evolution trend of the salt waters and brinesbasic and ultrabasic rocks systems (on the example of Siberian platform areas) (RSF Project No. 17-17-01158).


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Geochemistry, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Natural ResourcesEcology and Cryology of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesChitaRussia
  2. 2.Tomsk Department of the Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum-Gas Geology and Geophysics of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesTomskRussia

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