Advertisement

Journal of Thermal Science

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 25–31 | Cite as

Material Compatibility of Hexamethyldisiloxane as Organic Rankine Cycle Working Fluids at High Temperatures

  • Xiaoye Dai
  • Lin ShiEmail author
  • Weizhong Qian
Article
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is a promising technology for industrial waste heat recovery and renewable energy utilization. High temperature ORCs have attracted particular interest because of their high thermal efficiencies and outputs. The material compatibility of working fluid is a significant limitation for the working fluid selection and system design for high temperature ORCs. This work presents a method for studying the material compatibility of ORC working fluids based on the calculated conditions of the ORCs and matching of components, temperatures, and materials. Hexamethyldisiloxane (MM) was chosen as the test fluid. The experimental results show that 304 stainless steel has better compatibility with MM than copper as the material of evaporators. Fluoric rubber is not a suitable sealing material for high temperature ORCs with MM as the working fluids because of the bad compatibility. Mineral oil has better compatibility with MM than polyol ester (POE) lubricant as the lubricant for the fluid pump.

Keywords

organic Rankine cycle (ORC) material compatibility high temperatures hexamethyldisiloxane (MM) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51806117, 51236004), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation funded project (2018M630155), the Science Fund for Creative Research Group (No. 51621062).

References

  1. [1]
    Kostowski W., Uson S., Comparative evaluation of a natural gas expansion plant integrated with an IC engine and an organic Rankine cycle. Energy Conversion and Management, 2013, 75: 509–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Walraven D., Laenen B., Haeseleer W.D., Comparison of thermodynamic cycles for power production from low-temperature geothermal heat sources. Energy Conversion and Management, 2013, 66: 220–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Bombarda P., Invernizzi C., Pietra C., Heat recovery from diesel engines: A thermodynamic comparison between Kalina and ORC cycles. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2010, 30(2): 212–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Liu L.C., Zhu T., Gao N.P., Gan Z.X., A review of modeling approaches and tools for the off-design simulation of organic Rankine cycle. Journal of Thermal Science, 2018, 27(4): 305–320.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Tchanche B.F., Lambrinos G., Frangoudakis A., Papadakis G., Low-grade heat conversion into power using organic Rankine cycles — A review of various applications. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2011, 15(8): 3963–3979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Yildirim D., Ozgener L., Thermodynamics and exergoeconomic analysis of geothermal power plants. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2012, 16(8): 6438–6454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Strzalka R., Schneider D., Eicker U., Current status of bioenergy technologies in Germany. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, 72: 801–820.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Velez F., Segovia J.J., Martin M.C., Antolin G., Chejne F., Quijano A., A technical, economical and market review of organic Rankine cycles for the conversion of low-grade heat for power generation. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2012, 16(6): 4175–4189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Dai X.Y., Shi L., An Q.S., Qian W.Z., Influence of alkane working fluid decomposition on supercritical organic Rankine cycle systems. Energy, 2018, 153: 422–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Dai X.Y., Shi L., An Q.S., Qian W.Z., Thermal stability of some hydrofluorocarbons as supercritical ORCs working fluids. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2018, 128: 1095–1101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Daniel M.G., Lucia M.P., Donna P. G., Thermal stability of cyclopentane as an organic Rankine cycle working fluid. Energy & fuel, 2011, 25: 4138–4144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Dai X.Y., Shi L., An Q.S., Qian W.Z., Chemical kinetics method for evaluating the thermal stability of organic Rankine cycle working fluids. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2016, 100: 708–713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Dai X.Y., Shi L., An Q.S., Qian W.Z., Screening of hydrocarbons as supercritical ORCs working fluids by thermal stability. Energy Conversion and Management, 2016, 126: 632–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Dai X.Y., Shi L., An Q.S., Qian W.Z., Screening of working fluids and metal materials for high temperature organic Rankine cycles by compatibility. Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2017, 9(2): 024702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Huo E.G., Liu C., Xu X.X., Dang C.B., A ReaxFF- based molecular dynamics study of the pyrolysis mechanism of HFO-1336mzz(Z). International Journal of Refrigeration, 2017, 83: 118–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Cao Y., Liu C., Zhang H., Xu X.X., Li Q.B., Thermal decomposition of HFO-1234yf through ReaxFF molecular dynamics simulation. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2017, 126: 330–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Huo E.G., Liu C., Xu X.X., Li Q.B., Dang C.B., A ReaxFF-based molecular dynamics study of the oxidation decomposition mechanism of HFO-1336mzz(Z). International Journal of Refrigeration, 2018, 93: 249–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Eyerer S., Eyerer P., Eicheldinger M., Sax S., Wieland C., Spliethoff H., Material compatibility of ORC working fluids with polymers. Energy Procedia, 2017, 129: 137–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Majurin J., Staats S.J., Sorenson E., Gilles W., Material compatibility of HVAC&R system materials with low global warming potential refrigerants. Science and Technology for the Built Environment, 2015, 21(5): 491–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Juhasz J.R., Simoni L.D., A review of potential working fluids for low temperature Organic Rankine Cycles in waste heat recovery. 3rd International Seminar on ORC Power Systems, Brussels, Belgium, 2015.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Minor B., Kontomaris K., Hydutsky B., Nonflammable low GWP working fluid for organic Rankine cycles. ASME Turbo Expo 2014: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Düsseldorf, Germany, 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Gao W., Li H., Xu G., Working fluid selection and preliminary design of a solar organic Rankine cycle system. Environmental Progress, 2015, 34(2): 619–626.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Preißinger M., Brüggemann D., Thermal stability of hexamethyldisiloxane (MM) for high temperature applications. Energies, 2016, 9: 183–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Energy and Power EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations