Journal of Thermal Science

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 326–339 | Cite as

Effects of Offset Blade on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Small-Scale Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

  • Yan LiEmail author
  • Shouyang Zhao
  • Chunming Qu
  • Fang Feng
  • Tagawa Kotaro


A new way of connecting blade to rotor shaft named offset blade method was proposed for straight-bladed vertical axis wind turbine (SB-VAWT) in this study. In order to invest the efficiency of this method and effects of main parameters including offset length and blade airfoil on improving the output power performance and static starting characteristics, numerical simulations and wind tunnel tests were carried out. Four kinds of blade airfoil including NACA0012, NACA0018, NACA0024 and S809 were selected to analyze the influence of blade thickness and symmetry on SB-VAWT with offset blade. Numerical simulations were firstly carried out on output power for the rotor with 6 kinds of offset length for each airfoil. Wind tunnel tests were also carried out to compare with the results of simulations. The flow fields of rotor with different offset lengths were simulated and the effects of offset blade were analyzed. The optimum offset length among all studied for output power performance was found. Furthermore, the static starting torque and aerodynamic force characteristics of the rotor with optimum offset length were researched. According to the results, appropriate offset length can improve the output power characteristics and smooth the fluctuations of the static torque during one rotational period. The best offset length varies with the airfoil.


vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) offset blade airfoil numerical simulations wind tunnel tests 


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This research is sponsored by the Project 51576037 supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and Project 12541012 supported by Science and Technology Research Project of Heilongjiang Provincial Department of Education. The authors give thanks to their supporters.


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Li
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shouyang Zhao
    • 2
  • Chunming Qu
    • 2
  • Fang Feng
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tagawa Kotaro
    • 4
  1. 1.Heilongjiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Technology and Equipment for the Utilization of Agricultural Renewable Resources in Cold RegionsNortheast Agricultural UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.College of EngineeringNortheast Agricultural UniversityHarbinChina
  3. 3.College of ScienceNortheast Agricultural UniversityHarbinChina
  4. 4.Faculty of AgricultureTottori UniversityTottoriJapan

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