Journal of Thermal Science

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 331–336 | Cite as

Optimization study of a Coanda ejector

  • H. D. Kim
  • G. Rajesh
  • T. Setoguchi
  • S. Matsuo


The Coanda effect has long been employed in the aerospace applications to improve the performances of various devices. This effect is the ability of a flow to follow a curved contour without separation and has well been utilized in ejectors where a high speed jet of fluid emerges from a nozzle in the ejector body, follows a curved surface and drags the secondary flow into the ejector. In Coanda ejectors, the secondary flow is dragged in the ejector due to the primary flow momentum. The transfer of momentum from the primary flow to the secondary flow takes place through turbulent mixing and viscous effects. The secondary flow is then dragged by turbulent shear force of the ejector while being mixed with the primary flow by the persistence of a large turbulent intensity throughout the ejector. The performance of a Coanda ejector is studied mainly based on how well it drags the secondary flow and the amount of mixing between the two flows at the ejector exit. The aim of the present study is to investigate the influence of various geometric parameters and pressure ratios on the Coanda ejector performance. The effect of various factors, such as, the pressure ratio, primary nozzle and ejector configurations on the system performance has been evaluated based on a performance parameter defined elsewhere. The performance of the Coanda ejector strongly depends on the primary nozzle configuration and the pressure ratio. The mixing layer growth plays a major role in optimizing the performance of the Coanda ejector as it decides the ratio of secondary mass flow rate to primary mass flow rate and the mixing length.


Coanda ejector compressible mixing layer flow dragging mixing length induced flow 

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Copyright information

© Science Press 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. D. Kim
    • 1
  • G. Rajesh
    • 1
  • T. Setoguchi
    • 2
  • S. Matsuo
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringAndong National UniversityGyeongbukKorea
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSaga UniversitySagaJapan

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