Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 244–260 | Cite as

Seismic risk evaluation for a planning mountain tunnel using improved analytical hierarchy process based on extension theory

  • Jing-song Xu
  • Hua XuEmail author
  • Run-fang Sun
  • Xiang-wei Zhao
  • Yin Cheng


Seismic risk evaluation (SRE) in early stages (e.g., project planning and preliminary design) for a mountain tunnel located in seismic areas has the same importance as that in final stages (e.g., performance-based design, structural analysis, and optimization). SRE for planning mountain tunnels bridges the gap between the planning on the macro level and the design/analysis on the micro level regarding the risk management of infrastructural systems. A transition from subjective or qualitative description to objective or quantitative quantification of seismic risk is aimed to improve the seismic behavior of the mountain tunnel and thus reduce the associated seismic risk. A new method of systematic SRE for the planning mountain tunnel was presented herein. The method employs extension theory (ET) and an ET-based improved analytical hierarchy process. Additionally, a new risk-classification criterion is proposed to classify and quantify the seismic risk for a planning mountain tunnel. This SRE method is applied to a mountain tunnel in southwest China, using the extension model based on matter element theory and dependent function operation. The reasonability and flexibility of the SRE method for application to the mountain tunnel are illustrated. According to different seismic risk levels and classification criteria, methods and measures for improving the seismic design are proposed, which can reduce the seismic risk and provide a frame of reference for elaborate seismic design.


Seismic risk evaluation Mountain tunnel Extension theory Analytical hierarchy process Classification criterion 


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This study was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFB1200401) and the Western Construction Project of the Ministry of Transport (Grant No. 2015318J29040). This support is gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Transportation Tunnel EngineeringMinistry of Education, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.YCIC Business Development CO., LtdYunnan Communications Investment & Construction Group CO., Ltd.KunmingChina

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