An improved siphon drainage method for slope stabilization

  • Hong-yue Sun
  • Dong-fei Wang
  • Yue-quan ShangEmail author
  • Yue-liang Cai
  • Zhen-lei Wei


The siphon drainage is an effective measure for the slope groundwater control. However, for the traditional siphon drainage, limitations such as siphon lift restriction and poor reliability in longterm service prevent it from being widely used. In this study, an improved siphon drainage method with inclined borehole penetrating the deep part of the slope is proposed to overcome the limitations suffered by the traditional method. Through experimental research, theoretical analysis and engineering practice, the reliability and capability of the proposed method are investigated. The results demonstrate that with the inclined pipe the height difference between the control point of the groundwater level and the orifice can be controlled to be less than the height of the water column corresponding to the local atmospheric pressure. As a result, deep drainage can be achieved. In addition, by controlling the diameter of siphon drainage pipe not larger than 4 mm, a plug flow can be formed in the siphon pipe, which can prevent air accumulation in the siphon process and a continuous and effective siphon drainage is achieved. Through a practical project running smoothly since September 2013, it is found that the proposed method can effectively drain the groundwater deep in the slope and the maximum drawdown of groundwater level in boreholes can reach 8.5 m with an average drainage flow of 5.5 m3/d. The practical results also illustrate that 4 mm siphon pipe can be used to realize deep slope drainage and restart siphon automatically.


Landslide Drainage Siphon Inclined borehole 4 mm diameter siphon pipe 


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This research is financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2018YFC1504704), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41772276) and Key R&D project of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2017C03006). We are very grateful to Professor WU Zhi-jun at Wuhan University for carefully proofreading this paper.


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ocean CollegeZhejiang UniversityZhoushanChina
  2. 2.College of Civil Engineering and ArchitectureZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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