Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 138–152 | Cite as

Dynamic response and optimization of an inclined steel rock shed by the graded energy dissipating method

  • Yong WuEmail author
  • Si-ming He
  • Xin-po Li
  • Dong-po Wang


Blocking rockfalls directly by reinforced concrete (RC) flat sheds with thick sand cushions is an outdated method. Such conventional sheds typically accumulate rock heavily, and become progressively damaged and are difficult to repair, and are very costly. To address these problems, we propose a new structure called a Graded Dissipating Inclined Steel Rock (GDISR) shed that utilizes the graded energy dissipation method. Here, we study the dynamic response of the GDISR shed with model test and numerical simulation, and give its optimization design combining with a practical engineering case. Our results show that the optimized modular E-block and corrugated steel tube can deform to sufficiently absorb the energy of different impact intensities. This efficiently and economically provides GDISR sheds with two security lines. Compared with conventional RC sheds, GDISR sheds with optimal incline have a more efficient anti-impact function, are faster and easier to repair, and are much simpler and cheaper to build.


Dynamic response Optimization design Graded dissipating inclined steel rock shed 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This work was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (2016YFB0201003), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41672356), and the 135 Strategic Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS (SDS-135-1704).


  1. Chen Y, Li J, Ran L (2013) A review of rockfall control measures along highway. Applied Mechanics and Materials 353–356: 2385–2391. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Labiouse V, Descoeudres F, Montani S (1996) Experiment study of rock sheds impacted by rock blocks. Structural Engineering International 6: 171–176. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Masuya H, Labiouse V (1999) Impact load by rock falls and design of protection structures. In: Proceedings of the joint Japan–Swiss scientific seminar. Japan: Department of Civil Engineering, Kanazawa University.Google Scholar
  4. Ghadimi Khasraghy S (2012) Numerical Simulation of Rockfall Protection Galleries, Prediction of shear failure of rockfall protection galleries, Diss. Nr. 1993, ETH Zurich, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  5. Delhomme F, Mommessin M, Mougin JP, Perrotin P (2005) Behavior of a structurally dissipating rock shed: experimental analysis and study of punching effects. International Journal of Solids and Structures 42: 4204–4219. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Delhomme F, Mommessin M, Mougin JP, Perrotin P (2007) Simulation of a block impacting a reinforced concrete slab with a finite element model and a mass–spring system. Engineering Structures 29: 2844–2852. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Yin Y, Wang F, Sun P (2009) Landslide hazards triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, Sichuan, China. Landslides 6(2): 139–152. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cui P, Chen XQ, Zhu YY, et al. (2011) The Wenchuan earthquake (May 12, 2008), Sichuan province, China, and resulting geohazards. Natural Hazards 56(1): 19–36. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Li XP, He SM. (2009) Seismically induced slope instabilities and the corresponding treatments: the case of a road in the Wenchuan earthquake hit region. Journal of Mountain Science 6(1): 96–100. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bi Y, He S, Li X, et al. (2016) Effects of segregation in binary granular mixture avalanches down inclined chutes impinging on defending structures. Environmental Earth Sciences 75(3): 1–8. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Schellenberg K, Vogel T. (2009). A Dynamic Design Method for Rockfall Protection Galleries, Struct. Eng. Int., 19(3), pp. 321–326. Google Scholar
  12. Xin YJ, Wang HD, Cheng SL (2007) Experimental study on new combined steel–lead damper. Engineering mechanics 24(2): 126–130. (In Chinese). Dassault SIMULIA Co., Ltd. ABAQUS 6.13 help document. 2013.Google Scholar
  13. Byerlee J (1978) Friction of rocks. Pure and Applied Geophysics 116 (4–5): 615–626. Google Scholar
  14. Mohamed MA, Yu TL, Akasha NM (2016) Experimental studies on friction coefficient between concrete block and steel plate bolted joints. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering 13(1):24–35. Google Scholar
  15. Goel MD (2014) Analysis of aluminum foam for protective packaging. Advances in Structural Engineering 1: 321–329.Google Scholar
  16. Guo LY (2010) The mechanical behavior of the double tube structure with aluminum foam core. PhD dissertation, University of Science and Technology of China. Google Scholar
  17. Wu YX, Huang J, Yan GY, et al. (2016) Optimization of Isolation Structure Under Wind Load Excitation and Experimental Study of the Wind Resistant Bearing. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science) 21(6): 719–728. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mohammad S, Mahdi H (2015) A new approach in modeling of guide and conical rolls in the ring rolling process. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. Google Scholar
  19. Azzoni A, De Freitas M H (1995) Experimentally gained parameters, decisive for rock fall analysis. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 28(2): 111–124. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chau KT, Wong RHC, Wu JJ (2002) Coefficient of restitution and rotational motions of rockfall impacts. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences 39: 69–77. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Buzzi O, Giacomini A, Spadari M (2012) Laboratory investigation on high values of restitution coefficients. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 45: 35–43. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Andrews KRF, England GL, Ghani E (1983) Classification of the axial collapse of cylindrical tubes under quasi–static loading. International Journal of Mechanical Science 25(9–10): 687–696. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Guillow SR, Lu G, Grzebieta RH (2001) Quasi–static axial compression of thin walled circular aluminum tubes. International Journal of Mechanical Science 43(9):2103–2123. Google Scholar
  24. China National Standard (2010) Code for design of concrete structure. GB 50010–2010 (In Chinese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface ProcessChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

Personalised recommendations