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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 15, Issue 12, pp 2614–2621 | Cite as

The mycobiota of discoloured needles of the Swiss stone pine (Pinus cembra L.) in the Tatra Mountains (Poland)

  • Wojciech PuszEmail author
  • Anna Baturo-Cieśniewska
  • Tomasz Zwijacz-Kozica
Article
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

The Swiss stone Pine (Pinus cembra L.) is an alpine species, fairly commonly occurring in the Alps and the Carpathians, close to the timberline. Natural sites of the Swiss stone pine in Poland are found exclusively in the Tatra Mountains, within the area of the Tatra National Park (TNP). In 2017, the health status of the needles of P. cembra was determined and their mycological analysis was carried out. As a result, 11 species of fungi were isolated from the needles showing disease symptoms, manifested by various shades of discoloration. The most frequently observed species was Fusarium oxysporum. It probably does not bring on disease symptoms, but may affect the development of other frequently isolated species (such as Sydowia polyspora, Lophodermium sp. and Lophodermium conigenum) that are pathogenic to Pinus spp.

Keywords

Pathogenic fungi Swiss stone pine Tatra National Park plant pathology Healthiness status of pine 

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Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was financed from the forest fund under the agreement concluded between the State Forests National Forest Holding and the Tatry National Park in 2017.

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Division of Plant Pathology and MycologyWroclaw University of Environmental and Life SciencesWroclawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Biology and Plant Protection, Division of Molecular Phytopathology and MycologyUniversity of Science and TechnologyBydgoszczPoland
  3. 3.Tatra National ParkZakopanePoland

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