Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 195–206 | Cite as

Territorial suitability assessment and function zoning in the Jiuzhaigou earthquake-stricken area

  • Hui Yu
  • Miao Qiang
  • Shao-quan LiuEmail author
Article
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

An earthquake in the Jiuzhaigou area caused numerous secondary disasters, such as rolling stones, land collapse, landslides and debris flow, which badly affected the safety of human settlements and influenced the spatial layout of the post-disaster reconstruction. Therefore, carrying out assessments of land and identifying a suitable zone for human habitats were very important. This research creates the territorial suitability assessment and function zoning conceptual model in the earthquake-stricken area, and the new methods of the territorial suitability evaluation system were used to divide the spatial functional zones of the earthquake stricken area, which provide a theoretical guidance and decision-making basis for the reconstruction of the disaster area. The results showed that: (1) The Jiuzhaigou earthquake-stricken area comprises of an ecological area that has a high level of importance to the ecosystem. In the earthquake-stricken area, 65% of national land is at an altitude of 3000–4000 m, and therefore not suitable for a high level of intensive reconstruction, but reconstructed in an eco-friendly manner. (2) The zone suitable for reconstruction comprises mainly of the river valley and the flat terrain of western parts. The land with low suitability is mainly located on steep terrain, such as high mountains and low gullies. The geographic and geomorphic conditions limit the spread of a suitable reconstruction zone. (3) The earthquake-stricken area mainly comprises of a tourism industry gathering area, population gathering area, agriculture and animal husbandry development area, and ecological preservation area with areas of 76 km2, 44 km2, 1591 km2 and 7512 km2, respectively. Scientifically zoning the reconstruction areas using scientific evaluation may provide guidance for the location of reconstruction sites.

Keywords

Jiuzhaigou valley Earthquake-stricken area Territorial suitability Function zoning 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was supported by the National Science and Technology Major Project for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (Grant No. 2017ZX07101001), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant NO.41671529), the Hundred Young Talents Program of the Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment (Grant No. SDSQB-2015-01), the Monitoring and Warning Program for Resources and Environment Carrying Capability in Sichuan Province (Grant No. ZXGH201709), the Program for Resource and Environment Carrying Capability in JiuZhaiGou Earthquake Disaster Area (Grant No. Y7K2190190).

References

  1. Anssi (2013) Regional Planning and the Mobilization of ‘Regional Identity’: From Bounded Spaces to Relational Complexity. Regional Studies 47(8): 1206–1219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bagdanaviciute I, Valiunas J (2013) GIS–based land suitability analysis integrating multi–criteria evaluation for the allocation of potential pollution sources. Environmental Earth Sciences 68(6): 1797–1812.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012-1869-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dwyer J (2011) UK land use futures: policy influence and challenges for the coming decades. Land use policy 28: 674–683.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2010.12.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fahimeh M, Hossein K, Asieh S et al. (2017) Development of a land use suitability model for saffron (Crocus sativusL.) Cultivation by multi–criteria evaluation and spatial analysis. Ecological Engineering 106: 140–153.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.05.050 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fan J (2007) The scientific foundation of major function oriented zoning in China. Acta Geo–graphica Sinica 62(4): 339–350.Google Scholar
  6. Fan J (2009) Reconstruction in The Wenchuan Earthquakestricken Area: Assessment of Resource Environmental Bearing capacity. Science Press, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  7. Feizizadeh B, Blaschke T (2013) Land suitability analysis for Tabriz County, Iran: amulti–criteria evaluation approach using GIS. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 2012 (1): 1–23.  https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2011.646964 Google Scholar
  8. Girvetz EH, Thorne JH, Berry A.M, et al. (2008) Integration of landscape fragmentation analysis into regional planning: a statewide multi–scale case study from California, USA. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 86 (3): 205–218.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2008.02.007 Google Scholar
  9. Javadian M, Shamskooshki H, Momeni M (2011) Application of sustainable urban development in environmental suit–ability analysis of educational land use by using AHP and GIS in Tehran. Procedia Engineering 21: 72–80.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.1989 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Joan M, Joan P (2007) A Land Suitability Index for Strategic Environmental Assessment in metropolitan areas. Landscape and Urban Planning 81: 200–212.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2006.11.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Joerin F, Thériault M, Musy A (2001) Using GIS and outranking multicriteria analysis for land–use suitability assess–ment. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 15(2): 153–174.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13658810051030487·Source:DBLPCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jin G, Deng XZ, Zhang Q, et al. (2017) Comprehensive function zoning of national land space for Wuhan metropolitan region. Geographical Research 36(03): 541–552.Google Scholar
  13. Liu YX, Peng J, Zhang T, et al. (2016) Assessing landscape ecorisk associated with hilly construction land exploitation in the southwest of China: Trade–off and adaptation. Ecological indicators 62: 289–297.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.11.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu QH, Liu YX, Peng J et al. (2018) Linking GRNN and neighborhood selection algorithm to assess land suitability in low–slope hilly areas. Ecological Indicators 93: 581–590.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.05.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nian PH, Cai YM, Xie XZ, et al. (2014) Geographical Space Comprehensive Function Zoning in Hunan Province Based on Niche Theory. Resources Science 36(09): 1985–1968.Google Scholar
  16. Peng J, Du YY, Liu YX, et al. (2016 a) How to assess urban development potential in mountain areas? An approach of ecological carrying capacity in the view of coupled human and natural systems. Ecological Indicators 60: 1017–1030.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.09.008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Peng J, Ma J, Du YY, et al. (2016 b) Ecological suitability evaluation for mountainous area development based on conceptual model of landscape structure, function, and dynamics. Ecological Indicators 61: 500–511.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.10.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Persson C (2013) Deliberation or doctrine land use and spatial planning for sustainable development in Swede. Land use policy 34: 301–313.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.04.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rodriguez GL, Achkar M, Conde D (2012) Land suitability assessment in the Catchment Area of Four Southwestern Atlantic Coastal Lagoons: multicriteria and optimization modeling. Environmental Management 50(1): 140–152.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-012-9843-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rojas C, Pino J, Jaque E (2013) Strategic environmental assessment in Latin America: a methodological proposal for urban planning in the Metropolitan Area of Concepcion (Chile). Land Use Policy 30 (1): 519–527.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.04.018 Google Scholar
  21. Steiner F, McSherry L, Cohen J (2000) Land suitability analysis for the Upper Gila River Watershed. Landscape and Urban Planning 50(4): 199–214.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(00)00093-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Store R, Kangas J (2001) Integrating spatial multi–criteria evaluation and expert knowledge for GIS–based habitat suitability modelling. Landsc. Urban Plan 55 (2): 79–93.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(01)00120-7 Google Scholar
  23. Tang CC, Sun W (2012) Comprehensive evaluation of land spatial development suitability of the Yangtze River Basin. Acta Geographica Sinica 67(12): 1587–1598.Google Scholar
  24. Tao AJ (2011) The spatial pattern of territorial function distribution of China and the methodology of territorial function regionalization. PhD thesis, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.Google Scholar
  25. Uy PD, Nakagoshi N (2008) Application of land suitability analysis and landscape ecology to urban green space planning in Hanoi, Vietnam. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 7(1): 25–40.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2007.09.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wu CJ, Hou F (1990) National Land Development Politics and Planning. Nanjing, China: Jiangsu Education Press.Google Scholar
  27. Wu YJ, Yang YZ, Yang L, et al. (2016) Land spatial development and suitability for city construction based on ecologicalliving–industrial space–take Ningbo City as an example. Resources Science 38(11): 2072–2081.Google Scholar
  28. Yu LL, Cai YY (2016) Effects of national spatial planning to economic growth in key development areas: evidence from the planning of Wuhan urban agglomeration. China Population, Resources and Environment 26(9): 101–109.Google Scholar
  29. Yu ZL, Zhang WX, Liang JS, et al. (2015) Progress in evaluating suitability of spatial development and construction land. Progress in Geography 34(9): 1107–1122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Chengdu Pidu Disstrict Mianshi Foreign Language SchoolChengduChina

Personalised recommendations