Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 15, Issue 7, pp 1572–1584 | Cite as

Development of the nano-composite cement: Application in regulating grouting in complex ground conditions

  • Sheng WangEmail author
  • Jing-fei Wang
  • Chao-peng Yuan
  • Li-yi Chen
  • Shi-tong Xu
  • Kai-bin Guo


Improvement of the fluidity and setting time of grouting materials has been recognized as an effective approach of seepage prevention in foundation works, and it is quite common to be used for handling severe leakages in complex ground conditions, such as loose, broken and fully fissured stratum. For the purposed of better meeting the engineering requirements, experimental studies were conducted in this study with focus on the nanocomposite grouting materials and the related controlled grouting technology. As compared with the commonly used silicate-sulpho-aluminate composite cement, which is characterized by relatively poor rheological property, quick setting time and low strength, the most suitable nano-material with proper reactants were selected intentionally to improve the mentioned attributes of composite cement. Due to the setting time and strength of the targeted cement slurry behaving with poor performance of harmonization to engineering construction problems, hydration synergistic effect of these composites were investigated in our experiments. Results showed that the properties of grouting materials, including initial fluidity, setting time, ideal right-angle thickening, and early strength and late strength were sufficient to produce an expected grouting application. It is therefore advocated that the refined grouting material could provide a better solution to fix grouting problems in complex ground cementing operations.


Nano-silica Silicate-sulpho-aluminate composite cement grout Controlled grouting Complex ground conditions 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This research was funded by National Natural Science of China (Grant Nos. 41672362), Key Projects of Sichuan Provincial Department of Education (Grant No.16ZA0099) and the State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention & Geoenvironment Protection (Grant No. SKLGP2017Z011). Some of the experiments presented in this paper were conducted at Chengdu University of Technology.


  1. Silva Denise A, Monteiro Paulo JM (2006) The influence of polymers on the hydration of Portland cement phases analyzed by soft X-ray transmission microscopy. Cement and Concrete Research 36(8): 1501–1507. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Janotka I, Krajči L (1999) An experimental study on the upgrade of sulfoaluminate-belite cement systems by blending with Portland cement. Advances in Cement Research 11(1): 35–41. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Yu XN, Qian CX, Xue B (2016) Loose sand particles cemented by different bio-phosphate and carbonate composite cement. Construction and Building Materials 113: 571–578. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Shi ZG, Shi CJ, Zhao R, et al. (2016) Factorial design method for designing ternary composite cements to mitigate ASR expansion. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 28(9): 1943–5533. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kalashnikov VI, Belyakova EA, Moskvin RN (2016) Selecting the Type of the Control Setting Composite Cement-Ash Binder. Procedia Engineering 150:1631–1635. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Yan XT, Cui HZ, Qin QH, et al. (2016) Study on utilization of carboxyl group decorated carbon nanotubes and carbonation reaction for improving strengths and microstructures of cement paste. Nanomaterials 6(8): 1–12. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. He Y, Zhang X, Gu MD, et al. (2016) Effect of organosilanemodified polycarboxylate-superplasticizer on fluidity and hydration process of cement paste. Journal of the Chinese Ceramic Society 44(8): 1166–1172. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Teixeira KP, Rocha IP, Carneiro LDS, et al. (2016) The effect of curing temperature on the properties of cement pastes modified with TiO2 Nanoparticles. Materials 9(11): 952. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. González-Fonteboa B, Carro-López D, de Brito J, et al. (2017) Comparison of ground bottom ash and limestone as additions in blended cements. Materials and Structures 50(1): 84. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Khomich VA, Emralieva SA, Tsyguleva MV (2016) Nanosilica modifiers for cement mortars. Procedia Engineering 152: 601–607. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu JQ, Li JY, Ye JD, et al. (2016) Setting behavior, mechanical property and biocompatibility of anti-washout wollastonite/calcium phosphate composite cement. Ceramics International 42(12): 13670–13681. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mohamed S, Leung T, Jason F, et al. (2015) Enhanced properties of graphene/fly ash geopolymeric composite cement. Cement and Concrete Research 67: 292–299. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Al-Saud TSM, Bin Hussain MAA, Batyanovskii EI, et al. (2011) Influence of carbon nanomaterials on the properties of cement and concrete. Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics 84(3):546–553. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nasution A, Imran I, Abdullah M, et al. (2015) Improvement of concrete durability by nanomaterials. Procedia Engineering 125: 608–612. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sumair Faisal Ahmeda, Khalida M, Rashmib W, et al. (2017) Recent progress in solar thermal energy storage using nanomaterials. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 67: 450–460. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shen SL, Wang ZF, Horpibulsuk S, et al. (2013) Jet-Grouting with a newly developed technology: The Twin-Jet Method. Engineering Geology 152(1): 87–95. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shen SL, Wang ZF, Yang J, et al. (2013). Generalized approach for prediction of jet grout column diameter, Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 139(12): 2060–2069. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shen SL, Wang ZF, Cheng WC (2017). Estimation of lateral displacement induced by jet grouting in clayey soils. Géotechnique 67(7): 621–630. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention & Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

Personalised recommendations