Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 82–99 | Cite as

Earthquake dynamic response behavior of Xiangchong valley type tailings impoundment in Yunnan, China

  • Zhe Ren
  • Kun Wang
  • Qi-shu Zhang
  • Ze-min Xu
  • Zheng-guang Tang
  • Ji-pu Chen
  • Ji-qing Yang
  • Zong-heng Xu
Article
  • 178 Downloads

Abstract

Tailings impoundments can potentially collapse due to damage caused by earthquakes, which has frequently occurred around the world. This study takes the proposed valley type tailings impoundment in Yunnan as the research object to analyze the dynamic response behavior under earthquake action with both numerical simulation and physical model test (1:300). The results of both tests show that the dynamic response of the valley type tailings impoundment is characterized by “medium stiffness effect”, in other words, in a certain range, the “softer” the unsaturated tailings sand is, the more energy it can dissipate, which leads the decrease of the value of the acceleration amplification factor. In addition, the peak acceleration of the monitoring points increases with the vertical elevation, which indicates that the “elevation amplification effect” exists in the tailings impoundment dynamic response. The middle part of the outer side of the raised embankment reacts more sensitive than the crest, which is similar to the slope dynamic response. The starter dam reacts sensitively under the earthquake excitation, which should be given more attention during the seismic design. The dynamic response rules reflected by the numerical simulation are consistent with the results monitored on the physical model test, although there are some differences between their values. The dynamic response rules of the valley type tailings impoundment can provide basis for the design of the similar projects in this region.

Keywords

Tailings impoundment Dynamic response Shaking table test Medium stiffness effect 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

This study was financially supported by project (Grant NO. U1502232, U1033601)—National Science Foundation of China-Yunnan Joint Fund, project (Grant NO. 20135314110005)—Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China. We acknowledge the editors and the anonymous reviewers for their insightful suggestions on this work.

References

  1. Bird G, Brewer PA, Macklin MG et al. (2008) River system recovery following the Novat Rosu tailings impoundment failure, Maramures County, Romania. Applied Geochemistry 23(12): 3498–3518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem. 2008.08.010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Celebi M (1987) Topographic and geological amplification determined from strong-motion and afterhock records of 3 March 1985 Chile earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America 77(4): 1147–1167. URL: https://pubs. geoscienceworld.org/bssa/article-lookup/77/4/1147Google Scholar
  3. Chai JR, Li SY, Li KH, et al. (2005) Numerical analysis of seepage field in Mijiangou tailings impoundment to be designed to increase the dam height. Rock and Soil Mechanics 26(6):973–977. https://doi.org/10.16285/j.rsm.2005.06.032Google Scholar
  4. Chen YM, Xu DP (2008) FLAC/FLAC3D basis and engineering examples. Beijing: Water Power Press. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. Coulibaly Y, Belem T, Cheng LZ (2017) Numerical analysis and geophysical monitoring for stability assessment of the Northwest tailings impoundment at Westwood Mine. International Journal of Mining Science & Technology, 27(4): 701–710. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmst.2017.05.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Deng T, Wan L, Wei ZA (2011) Stacking model test of Wenzhuang tailings reservoir and its stability analysis. Rock and Soil Mechanics 32(12): 3647–3652. https://doi.org/10.16285/j.rsm.2011.12.035 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. GB50011 (2010) Code for seismic design of buildings. Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Graf WL (1990) Fluvial dynamics of thorium-230 in the Church Rock event, Puerco River, New Mexico. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 80(3): 327–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hansen RN (2015) Contaminant leaching from gold mining tailings impoundments in the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa: A new geochemical modelling approach. Applied Geochemistry 38: 217–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2015.06.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hu ZQ, Zhao HB, Wang XD et al. (2011) Static and dynamic stability analysis of the Xibanchagou tailing Dam. Northwestern Seismological Journal 33(S1): 290–294. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Jibson RW (2011) Methods for assessing the stability of slopes during earthquakes-a retrospective. Engineering Geology 122:43–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.09.017CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. JSCE (1983) Earthquake Response Analysis and Examples. Lu Bingjie, Qu Zesheng, Sun Jiqian trans, Beijing, Seismological Publishing House.Google Scholar
  13. Khamseh A, Shahbazi F, Oustan S, et al. (2017) Impact of tailings impoundment failure on spatial features of copper contamination (Mazraeh mine area, Iran). Arabian Journal of Geosciences 10(11): 244. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-017-3040-yCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu HX, Liao X, Li N (2008) Seismic response analysis of high tailing dams using effective stress finite element method. Journal of Vibration and Shock 27(1): 65–70. https://doi.org/10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2008.01.031 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Liu HX, Xu Q, Fan XM (2012) Effects of seismic parameters on acceleration responses of slopes. Journal of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration 32(2): 41–47. https://doi.org/10.13197/j.eeev.2012.02.003 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. Liu XS, Wang ZN, Zhao JM, et al. (2005) Advanced of technology on shaking table test and dynamic analysis of CFRD. Shuili Xuebao 2: 29–35. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Lópezpamo E, Barettino D, Antónpacheco C, et al. (2000) The extent of the Aznalcóllar pyritic sludge spill and its effects on soils. Science of the Total Environment 242(1-3): 57–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00376-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Macklin MG, Brewer PA, Dan B, et al. (2003) The long term fate and environmental significance of contaminant metals released by the January and March 2000 mining tailings impoundment failures in Maramures County, upper Tisa Basin, Romania. Applied Geochemistry 18(2): 241–257. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-2927(02)00123-3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Özer AT, Bromwell LG (2012) Stability assessment of an earth dam on silt/clay tailings foundation: a case study. Engineering Geology 151(4): 89–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2012.09.011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Psarropoulos PN, Tsompanakis Y (2008) Stability of tailings impoundments under static and seismic loading. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 45(5):663–675. https://doi.org/10.1139/T08-014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rico M, Benito G, Salgueiro AR, et al. (2008) Reported tailings impoundment failures: a review of the European incidents in the worldwide context. Journal of Hazardous Materials 152(2): 846–852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.07.050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rosner T, Schalkwyk AV (2000) The environmental impact of gold mine tailings footprints in the Johannesburg region, South Africa. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and Environment 59(2): 136–147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s100640000037Google Scholar
  23. Tom AA, David WB (1996) Storm-water hydrograph separation of run off from a mine-tailings impoundment formed by thickened tailings discharge at Kidd Creek, Timmins, Ontario. Journal of Hydrology 180(1-4): 55–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(95)02898-6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Verdugo R, Sitar N, Frost JD, et al. (2012) Seismic performance of earth structures during the February 2010 Maule, Chile Earthquake: Dams, Levees, Tailings impoundments, and Retaining Walls. Earthquake Spectra 28(S1) S75–S96. https://doi.org/10.1193/1.4000043CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wang T, Hou KP, Guo ZS, et al. (2008) Application of analytic hierarchy process to tailings impoundment safety operation analysis. Rock and Soil Mechanics 29(z1): 680–686. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2008.z1.140 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  26. Wang T, Zhou Y, Lv Q, et al. (2011) A safety assessment of the new Xiangyun Phosphogypsum tailings impoundment. Minerals Engineering 24(10): 1084–1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2011.05.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wang WS, Yin GZ, Wei ZA, et al. (2017) Analysis of the dynamic response and stability of fine grained tailings impoundment by upstream embankment method in the area of high intensity earthquake. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering 36(5):1201–1214. https://doi.org/10.13722/j.cnki. jrme.2016.1221Google Scholar
  28. Wei ZA, Chen YL, Li GZ (2012) Numerical simulation on the seepage of tailings impoundment by centerline method construction. Journal of Chongqing University 35(7): 89–93. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  29. Xu GX, Yao LK, Gao ZN et al. (2008) Large-scale shaking table model test study on dynamic characteristic and dynamic response of slope. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering 27(3): 624–632. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn: 1000-6915.2008.03.025 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Yin GZ, Jing XF, Wei ZA, et al. (2010) Study of model test of seepage characteristics and field measurement of coarse and fine tailings impoundment. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering 29(z2):3710–3718. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  31. Yin GZ, Yang ZY, Wei ZA, et al. (2007) Physical and mechanical properties of YangLa-copper’s tailings. Journal of Chongqing University 30(9): 117–121. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Zardari MA, Ask MVS, Knutsson S, et al. (2017) Numerical analyses of earthquake induced liquefaction and deformation behaviour of an upstream tailings impoundment. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, (2017-02-15). https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5389308Google Scholar
  33. Zhang C, Yang CH, Bai SW (2006) Experimental study on dynamic characteristics of tailings material. Rock and Soil Mechanics 27(1): 35–40. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-7598.2006.01.007 (In Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil Engineering and MechanicsKunming University of Science and TechnologyKunmingChina
  2. 2.College of Architectural EngineeringYunnan Agricultural UniversityKunmingChina
  3. 3.School of Tourism and Geographical ScienceYunnan Normal UniversityKunmingChina

Personalised recommendations