Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 1521–1533 | Cite as

Ethnobotanical and indigenous knowledge of important plants in East Hararghe, Eastern Ethiopia

  • Laxman Singh KandariEmail author
  • Tripti Negi
  • Ashok Kumar Thakur
  • Eshetu Yilma


An ethnobotanical study was conducted in East Hararghe, Ethiopia to identify and investigate the use of various plants by the traditional healers and communities engaged in domestic, pesticide and medicinal use. A total of 78 species were observed to be used by the local inhabitants in the region for the treatments of various ailments. Out of these, herbs constitute 49% followed by trees (36%) and shrubs only 15%. However, most frequently used plant parts were leaf and aerial parts (20) followed by seed (13), fruit (12), other parts (10), rhizome (7) and bark (1). Most of the plants were found to be used for medicinal, aromatic and food flavouring (spices, condiments) purposes. Out of 78 species recorded in the present study, 11 were reported to cure stomachache, seven for cold, cough and respiratory problem, six for diarrhoea and five species were found capable of curing fever. Fabaceae was the largest family contributing to medicinal plant use with seven species followed by Solanaceae, Myrtaceae, (5 spp.), and Zingiberaceae, Asteraceae, Liliaceae (4 spp. each). Some of the important plants utilized for taking care of variety of ailments are Azadirachta indica, Brassica nigra, Balanites aegyptiaca, Maytenus ovatus, Rosmarinus officinalis and Trigonella foenum graecum. Most of these medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) play a significant role in the household economy and were observed to be very popular among the people. Unpopular plants were left out of the study. This study provides useful and basic information on usage of different plants for conducting further studies aimed at conservation and documentation of traditional medicine system and economic welfare of rural peoples of the East Hararghe, Ethiopia. It also revealed that indigenous practices contributed to sustainable management of plants.


Ethnobotany Medicinal plants Primary health care Traditional knowledge East Hararghe 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abbiw OK (1996) Mis uses and abuses in self medication with medicinal plants. The case of Erythrophelum in Ghana. In: Masen JG, Burger XM, Rooy JM (eds.), Biodiversity of African plants. Kluwer academic Publisher, Netherland. pp 700–720.Google Scholar
  2. Abdoul-latif FM, Obame LC, Imael HN, et al. (2012) Antimicrobial activities of essential oil and methanol extract of Boswellia sacra Flueck. and Boswellia papyrifera (Del.) Hochst from Djibouti. International Journal of Management, Modern Sciences and Technologies 1: 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abebe D (1998) The role of medicinal plants in healthcare coverage of Ethiopia, the possible benefits of integration. In Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ethiopia, Proceedings of the National workshop, 28 April-01 May.Google Scholar
  4. Abede D (1996) Traditional medicine in Ethiopia. The attempt being made to promote it for effective and better utilization. Ethiopian Journal of Science 9: 61–69.Google Scholar
  5. Abebe D, Hagos E (1991) Plants as a primary source of drugs in traditional health practices of Ethiopia. In: Engels JMM, Hawkes JG, Worede M (eds.), Plant Genetic Resources of Ethiopia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. pp 101–113.Google Scholar
  6. Abebe W (1986) A survey of prescriptions used in traditional medicine in Gondar region, North-western Ethiopia General pharmaceutical practice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 18: 147–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Addis G, Abebe D, Urga K (2001) A survey of traditional medicinal plants in Shirka District, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Journal 19: 30–47.Google Scholar
  8. Agize M, Demissew S, Asfaw Z (2013) Indigenous knowledge on management of home gardens and plants in Loma and Gena Bosa district (Weredas) of Dawro Zone, Southern Ethiopia: Plant biodiversity conservation, sustainable utilization an environmental protection. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR) 10(1): 63–99.Google Scholar
  9. Ahmad M, Khan MA, Marwat SK (2009) Useful Medicinal Flora Enlisted in Holy Quran and Ahadith. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 51: 126–140.Google Scholar
  10. Ahrens JD (1998) South Welo expects a bad Belg season. UNEUE Field Mission Report 18 to 23 May, 1998, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  11. Ahrens JD (1997) Beneficiary numbers to be increased: Amhara Region after the failed Belg. UN-EUE Field Mission Report, 20 to 26 July, 1997, Addis Ababa.Google Scholar
  12. Alevtina Gall, BS, Zerihun BA, Shenkute RPH (2009) Ethiopian Traditional and Herbal Medications and their Interactions with Conventional Drugs. Available on: (Accessed on 29 June 2015)Google Scholar
  13. Ali A, Sayeed A, Shahinur A, et al. (2012) Characteristics of oils and nutrient contents of Nigella sativa linn. and Trigonella foenum-graecum seeds. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia 26: 55–64. DOI: 10.4314/bcse.v26i1.6Google Scholar
  14. Allen RP, Allen CP (1990) How many plants feed world? Conservation Biology 4: 265–374.Google Scholar
  15. Amiri MS, Joharchi RM (2013) Ethnobotanical investigation of traditional medicinal plants commercialized in the markets of Mashhad, Iran. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 3(3): 254–271.Google Scholar
  16. Appiah KA, Gates HL (1999) Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and American experience. NBasic Books, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  17. Asfaw N, Demissew S (2015) Essential oil composition of four artemisia species from Ethiopia. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia 29(1): 123–128. DOI: 10.4314/bcse.v29i1.11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Assefa B, Glatzel, Buchmann G (2010) Ethnomedicinal uses of Hagenia abyssinica (Bruce) J.F. Gel among rural communities of Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 6: 1–20. DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-6-20Google Scholar
  19. Avril M (2008) A study of Timiz (Piper capense): Home garden of Ethiopia. Sous la direction de Francois Verdeaux, Ethiopia. pp 1–62.Google Scholar
  20. Awas T (2012) Plant diversity in western Ethiopia: ecology, ethnobotany and conservation. PhD thesis, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. pp 1–200.Google Scholar
  21. Awas T, Demissew S (2009) Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Kafficho people, Southwestern Ethiopia. In: Svein Ege, Harald Aspen, Birhanu Teferra and Shiferaw Bekele, Trondhein. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, (ed.), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp 711–726.Google Scholar
  22. Awash T, Asfaw Z (1999) Report on Ethnobotanical study of Nations, Nationalities and people in Gambella and Benishangul Gumuz Regional States. progress report to research and publication office, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  23. Balemie K, Kelbessa E, Zemede Z (2004) Indigenous Medicinal Utilization, Management and threats in Fenlate Area, Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences 3: 1–7.Google Scholar
  24. Bannerman RHJ, Burton J, Chen WC (1983) Traditional Medicine and Health Care Coverage. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 1983.Google Scholar
  25. Bekalo TH, Woodmatas SD, Woldemariam ZA (2009) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by local people in the lowlands of Konta Special Woreda, southern nations, nationalities and peoples regional state, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5: 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Bekele D, Asfaw Z, Petros B, et al. (2012) Ethnobotanical study of plants used for protection against insect bite and for the treatment of livestock health problems in rural areas of Akaki District, Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia. Tropical Journal of Herbal Medicine 1(2): 12–24, 26.Google Scholar
  27. Bekele A, Feyissa T, Tesfaye K (2014) Genetic diversity of anchote (Coccinia abyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.) from Ethiopia as revealed by ISSR markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 61(3): 707–719. DOI: 10.1007/s 10722-014-0090-9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Bekele EK (2009) Nutritional composition, physicochemical and functional properties of some capsicum varieties grown in Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  29. Belay G, Tariku Y, Kebede T, et al. (2011) Ethnopharmacological investigation of essential oil isolate from five Ethiopian medicinal plants against eleven Pathogenic bacterial strains. Phytoparmacology 1: 133–143. DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2013.858362Google Scholar
  30. Belayneh A, Asfaw Z, Demissew S, et al. (2012) Medicinal plants potential and use by pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Erer Valley of Babile Wereda, Eastern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 8: 42. DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-8-42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Birhanu Z (2013) Traditional use of medicinal plants by Ethnic group of Gondar Zuria district, North-western Ethiopia. Journal of Natural Remedies 1: 46–53.Google Scholar
  32. Birhanu A (2002) Use and conservation of Human traditional medicinal plants in Jabitehaan Wereda, West Gojam. MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  33. Bussmann RW, Swartzinsky P, Worede A, et al. (2011) Plant used in Odo-Bulu and Demaro, Bale region, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 7: 7–28. DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-7-28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Cassou J, Depommier D, Ouedraogo SJ (1997) The Ronier palm park (Borassus aethiopum Mart) of Wolokonto in the southwest of Burkina Faso: Structure, dynamics and interest of the park. Draft paper. p 10.Google Scholar
  35. Chaffey DR (1982) South-west Ethiopia forest inventory project. A reconnaissance inventory of forests in south-west Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Forestry and wildlife conservation and development authority. Project report 31.Google Scholar
  36. Chan MJ, Peria LM (2001) Plant natural Products with leismanicidal activity. Natural Product Report 18: 674–688. DOI: 10.1039/B100455GCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Chewaka D (2014) Growth Inhibition of grain spoilage fungi by some herb and spice essential oils. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal 3(4): 135–140. DOI: 10.4314Zstar.v3i4.19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Cock IE (2012) Antimicrobial activity of Callistemon citrinus and Callistemon salignus methanolic extracts. Pharmacognosy Communications 3: 50–57. DOI: 10.5530/pc.2012.3.11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. CSA (Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia) (2010) FDRE General Country Data.Google Scholar
  40. Dawit A (1986) Traditional medicine in Ethiopia. The attempt being made to promote it for effective and better utilization. Ethiopian Journal of Science 9: 61–69.Google Scholar
  41. Dawit A, Ahadu A (1993) Medicinal plants and enigmatic health practice of north Ethiopia. Berhanina selam printing Enterprise, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  42. Debela H (2001) Use and Management of Traditional Medicinal Plants by Indigenous People of Boosat Woreda, Wolenchiti Area: An Ethnobotanical Approach. MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  43. Ermias Z (2005) Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants and floristic composition of Mana Angalu Moist montane forest, Bale, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  44. Estomba D, Ladio, A, Lozada M (2006) Medicinal wild plant knowledge and gathering patterns in a Mapuche community from North-western Patagonia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 103(1): 109–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Etana B (2010) Ethnobotanical study of Traditional medicinal plants of Goma Wereda, Jima Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia. MSc thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  46. Eyob SM, Appelgren J, Rohloff A, et al. (2008) Traditional medicinal uses and essential oil composition of leaves and rhizomes of korarima (Aframomum corrorima (Braun) P.C.M. jansen) from southern Ethiopia. South African Journal of Botany 74: 181–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Feyssa DH, Njoka JT, Asfaw Z et al. (2010) Seasonal availability and consumption of wild edible plants in semi arid Ethiopia: Implications to food security and climate change adaption. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 35(5): 138–149.Google Scholar
  48. Fichtl R, Admasu A (1994) Honey bee flora of Ethiopia. Margraf Verlag, Wikersheim, Germany. p 510.Google Scholar
  49. Fikreselassie M (2012) Performance of some Ethiopian fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-gracecum L.) germplasm collection as compared with commercial variety challa. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 15(9): 426–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Fisseha M (2007) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wongo wareda, SNNPR, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  51. Fratkin EM (1996) Traditional medicine and concept of healing among Samburu Pastoralists of Kenya. Journal of Ethnobiology 1: 63–97.Google Scholar
  52. Gall A, Shenkute Z (2009) Ethiopian Traditional and Herbal Medications and their Interactions with Conventional Drugs. Available online at: (Accessed on 29 June 2015)Google Scholar
  53. Garg SK (1980) Chemical composition of the essential of Carum copticum. Photochemistry 19: 15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Gelmesa D (2010) Shifting to alternate food source: poverty to overcome Ethiopians; malnutrition and poverty problems. ISDAMontpellier, June 28-30.Google Scholar
  55. Getahun A (1976) Some common medicinal and poisonous plants used in Ethiopian folk medicine. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. p 63.Google Scholar
  56. Giday Y (2010) Assessment of indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants in central zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Sciences 4: 6–11.Google Scholar
  57. Giday M, Amemi G (2003) An ethnobotanical survey on plants of veterinary importance in two Woredas of Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia Ethiopian Journal of Science 2: 123–136.Google Scholar
  58. Giday M, Asfwa Z, Woddu Z, et al. (2003) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants by the Zay people in Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 85: 43–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Giday M, Teklehaymanot T, Animut A, Mekonnen Y (2007) Medicinal plants of the Shinasha, Agew-awi and Amhara peoples in northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 110: 516–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Gradé JT, Tabuti JRS, Damme PV (2009) Ethnoveterinary knowledge in pastoral Karamoja, Uganda. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 122: 273–293. DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2009. 01.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Hanuš LO, Řezanka T, Dembitsky VM, et al. (2005) Myrrh commiphora Chemistry. Biomed Papers 14(1): 3–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Hindorf H, Omondi CO (2011) A review of three major fungal diseases of Coffea Arabica L. in the rainforests of Ethiopia and progress in breeding for resistance in Kenya. Journal of Advanced Research Volume 2(2): 109–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Hunde D, Asfaw Z, Kalbessa E (2004) Use and management of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants by indigenous people in ’Boraat’ Welenchiti area. Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences 3: 113–132.Google Scholar
  64. Hutchings A, Scott Ah, Lewis G, et al. (1996) Zulu medicinal plants: An inventory. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg, South Arica. pp 320–321.Google Scholar
  65. IBCR(Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research) (1990) Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants: Project Proposal. IBCR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  66. Willem J van Rensburg, Voster Ineke HG, Van Zijl JJB, et al. (2007) Conservation of African leafy vegetable in South Africa. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 7: 317–326.Google Scholar
  67. Johnsy G, Beena S, Kaviyarasan V (2013) Ethno-botanical survey of medicinal plants used for the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 3: 332–338.Google Scholar
  68. Kandari LS, Hiranmai RY, Thakur A, et al. (2014) Chat (Catha edulis): a socio economic crop in Harar Region, Eastern Ethiopia. Springer Plus 1: 579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Kandari LS, Phondani PC, Payal KC, et al. (2012) Ethnobotanical Study towards Conservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Upper Catchments of Dhauli Ganga in the Central Himalaya. Journal of Mountain Science 9: 286–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Kansheiae TP (2002) Five thousand years of sustainability? A case study on Gedeo land use (Southern Ethiopia). MSc Thesis, Wageningen Agricultural University Netherlands.Google Scholar
  71. Kebu B, Ensermu K, Zemede A (2004) Indigenous medicinal utilization management and threats in Fentale area, Eastern Shewa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Biological Sciences 3: 1–7.Google Scholar
  72. Kibebew F (1998) The status and availability of oral and written knowledge on traditional health care on traditional health care in Ethiopia. In: Conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ethiopia, Proceedings of the National workshop, 28 April-01 May 1998. IBCR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp 102–119.Google Scholar
  73. Lahalou P (2004) Biological and Pharmacological approaches to the screening and evaluation of natural products. Therapie 58: 535–539. DOI: 10.2515/therapie:2003087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lemessa, D (1999) Prosperity Fades: Jimma and Ilubabor Zones of Oromia Region. UN-EUE Field Mission Report, 5 to15 October, 1999, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  75. Lulekal E, Asfaw Z, Kelbessa E and Damme Van P (2011) Wild edible plants in Ethiopia: a review on their potential to combat food in security. Afrika focus 24: 71–121.Google Scholar
  76. Lulekal E, Kelbessa E, Bekele T, et al. (2008) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Mana Angetu district, south eastern Ethiopia, Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4: 10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Matasyoh JC, Bendera MM, Ogendo JO, et al. (2006) Volatile leaf oil constituents of ocimum americanum l. occurring in western Kenya. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia 20: 177–180.Google Scholar
  78. Megersa M, Asfaw Z, Kelbessa E, et al. (2013) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Ways Tuku District, East Welega Zone of Oromia Regional State, West Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 9: 68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Mekbib SB, Regnier TJC, Zeman CAM, et al. (2007) In-vitro antimicrobial assay of some medicinal plants from Ethiopia against plant and food-borne pathogens. (In press)Google Scholar
  80. Mekonen SA, Haile F (2012) Essential oil content response of lemon grass, palmarosa and citronella to post harvest wilting and chopping. The African Journal of Plants Science and Biotechnology 1: 1–4.Google Scholar
  81. Mesfin A, Giday M, Animut A, et al. (2012) Ethnobotanical study of anti-malarial plants in Shinile District, Somali Region, Ethiopia, and in vivo evaluation of selected ones against Plasmodium berghei. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 139: 221–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Mesfin F, Demissew S, Teklehaymanot T (2009) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Wongo Woreda S NNPR, Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 5-28. DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-5-28Google Scholar
  83. MOH (Ministry of Health) (1984) A Study of the future Development of (Ethiopia) Indigenous Medicine. Ministry of Health (MOH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  84. Muudee HM (1995) Hamid Muudees Oromo Dictionary, Vol. I. Sagalee Oromoo Publishing, Atlanta.Google Scholar
  85. Negi JS, Singh P, Joshi GP, et al. (2010) Chemical constituents of asparagus. Pharmacognosy Review 4: 215–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Netsere A, Kufa T (2015) Intercropping of Arabica Coffee with Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose) at Tepi. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 5(7): 65–69.Google Scholar
  87. Nune S (2008) Flora Biodiversity Assessment in Bonga, Boginda and Mankira Forest, Kafa, Ethiopia. Available online at: on 29 June 2015)Google Scholar
  88. Odhiambo JA, George MS, Lukhoba CW, et al. (2009) Antifungal activity of crude extracts of selected medicinal plants used in combinations in Lake Victoria basin, Kenya. Plant Product Research Journal 13: 35–43.Google Scholar
  89. Ojo OO, Nadro MS, Tella IO (2006) Protection of rats by extracts of some common Nigerian trees against acetaminophen-inducedhepatotoxicity. African Journal of Biotechnology 5: 755–760.Google Scholar
  90. Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, et al. (2009) Agroforestry Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Available online at: on 29 June 2015)Google Scholar
  91. PEDO (Planning and Economic Development Office) (1997) Zonal atlas of Eastern Hararghe. Harar Printing Press, Harar, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  92. Ragunathan M, Solomon M (2009) The study of spiritual remedies in orthodox rural churches and traditional medicinal practices in Gondar Zuria district, Northwestern, Ethiopia. Pharmacognosy Journal 1: 178–183.Google Scholar
  93. Rokos L (1969) Eye complications in poisoning caused by "Kosso" (Hagenia abyssinica). Ethiopian Medical Journal 7: 11.Google Scholar
  94. Semwal DP, Saradhi PP, Kala CP, et al. (2010) Medicinal plants used by local vaidyas in ukhimath block, Uttarakhand. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 9: 480–485.Google Scholar
  95. Setshogo P, Venter F (2003) Trees of Botswana: Names and distribution. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report. Pretoria. p 96.Google Scholar
  96. Shagal MH, Modibbo UU, Liman AB (2012) Pharmacological justification for the ethnomedical use of Datura Stramonium stem-bark extract in treatment of diseases caused by some pathogenic bacteria. International Research of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 2: 016–019.Google Scholar
  97. Sharma S, Dangi MS, Wadhwa S, et al. (2010) Antibacterial activity of Cassia tora leaves. International Journal of Pharamaceutical and Biological Archives 1: 84–86.Google Scholar
  98. Shibeshi W, Makonnen E, Zerihun L, et al. (2006) Effect of Achyranthes aspera L. on fetal abortion, uterine and pituitary weights, serum lipids and hormones. African Health Sciences 6: 108–112.Google Scholar
  99. Sintayehu TB (2011) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in wondo genet natural forest and adjacent kebeles, sidama zone, snnp region, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  100. Sintayehu AK, Mazumder A (2012) Antimicrobial activities and preliminary Phytochemical screening of the crude extracts of the leaves of Cineraria abyssinica SCH. BI. Exa Rich. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 3: 1525–1527.Google Scholar
  101. Sintayehu B, Asres K (2011) Hepatoprotective and free radical scavenging activities of the leaf extract and a flavonoid isolated from Cineraria abyssinica Sch. Bip. exA. Rich. Ethiopian Pharmaceutical Association 31st Annual Conference 2011, September 6-8, 2011.Google Scholar
  102. Tabuti JRS, Lye KA, Dhillion SS (2003) Traditional herbal drugs of Bulamogi, Uganda: plants, use and administration. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 88: 19–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Tafesse G, Mekonnen Y, Makonnen E (2006) Antifertility effect of aqueous and ethanol extracts of the leaves and roots of Asparagus africanus in rats. African Health Science 6: 81–85.Google Scholar
  104. Tanto T, Giday M, Akililu N (2002) National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan Project. Resource base of medicinal plants of Ethiopia. First phase report.Google Scholar
  105. Tariku Y, Hymete A, Hailu A, et al. (2010) Essential-oil composition, antileishmanial, and toxicity study of Artemisia abyssinica and Satureja punctata ssp. punctata from Ethiopia Chemistry and Biodiversity 7(4): 1009–1018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Tefera W, Wannakrairoj S (2004) A Micropropagation Method for Korarima (Aframomum corrorima (Braun) Jansen). Science Asia 30: 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Teklehaymanot T, Giday M (2007) Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by people in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3: 12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Uniyal B, Shiva V (2005) Traditional knowledge on medicinal plants among rural women of the Garhwal Himalaya, Uttaranchal. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 4: 259–266.Google Scholar
  109. Uniyal SK, Awasthi A, Rawat GS (2002) Traditional and ethnobotanical uses of plants in Bhagirathi Valley, Western Himalaya. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 1: 7–19.Google Scholar
  110. Wadhwa S, Panwar MS, Agarwal A, et al. (2012) A review on Pharmacognostical study of Lepidium sativum. Advance Research in Pharmaceuticals and Biologicals 2(4): 316–323.Google Scholar
  111. WHO (World Health Organization) (2003), Fifty Sixth world Assembly Tradition Medicine reported by the Sectrait. Available on: (Accessed on 29 June 2015)Google Scholar
  112. Yadav RH (2013) Medicinal plants in folk medicine system of Ethiopia. Journal of Poisonous and Medicinal Plants Research 11: 001–005.Google Scholar
  113. Yinegar H, Yewhalaw D, Tekelay D (2008) Ethnomedicinal plant knowledge and practice of the Oromo-ethnic group in Southwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 4: 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Yinegar H, Yewhalaw D (2007) Traditional medicine plant knowledge and use by local healers in Sekoru District Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3: 24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Yirga G (2010) Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in and Around Alamata, Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences 2: 338–344.Google Scholar
  116. Yirga G, Zeraburk S (2011) Ethnobotanical study of traditional medicinal plants in gindeberet district, western Ethiopia. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 2: 49–54.Google Scholar
  117. Zerabruk S, Yirga G (2012) Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in Gindeberet district, Western Ethiopia, South African Journal of Botany 78: 165–169. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb. 2011.06.006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Zinaye B (2008) Phytochemical Investigation on the root of Rumex abyssinicus (Makmako) 2008. MSc Thesis. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laxman Singh Kandari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tripti Negi
    • 2
  • Ashok Kumar Thakur
    • 3
  • Eshetu Yilma
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ForestryHimgiri Zee UniversityDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Don Paramedical college and HospitalDehradunIndia
  3. 3.School of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesHaramaya UniversityDire DawaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations