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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 715–722 | Cite as

Effects of different organic residues on rice yield and soil quality

  • Li Peng
  • Wei Liu
  • Chunjiang SuEmail author
  • Ping Li
  • Yan Fang
  • Xiaolan Wang
  • Lian Sun
Article
  • 276 Downloads

Abstract

Calcaric regosols are a valuable land resource, distributed widely across western China. Soil quality has deteriorated considerably in recent years owing to the blind pursuit of economic benefits. A 2-year field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of using spent mushroom compost, leguminous plant (Vicia sepium L.) compost, and a combination of the two (at a 1:1 and 2:1 ratio), on rice yield and soil quality in a suburb of China. Vicia sepium L. composted with spent mushroom compost at a 1:1 ratio produced the highest grain and stover yield, grain and stover phosphorus concentration, and phosphorus uptake of rice; they were 56.5%, 93.2%, 89.3%, 198.6% and 22.2% greater than control soil, respectively. The 2:1 ratio (Vicia sepium L.: spent mushroom compost) produced the highest grain N concentration, stover N concentration, and N uptake; they were 31.6%, 31.4%, and 40.7% higher than control, respectively. Soil physical, chemical, and environmental properties were improved with the application of Vicia sepium L. composted with spent mushroom compost at a 2:1 ratio. In particular, soil water-stable aggregates, organic carbon, particulate organic carbon, total nitrogen, available potassium, and cation exchange capacity increased, whereas bulk density, pH, and phytoavailable heavy metals decreased. This organic treatment is beneficial to improve soil quality indicators, and contribute to soil restoration.

Keywords

Co-composting Leguminous plants Soil quality indicators Soil restoration Spent mushroom compost 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Peng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Liu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Chunjiang Su
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ping Li
    • 5
  • Yan Fang
    • 6
  • Xiaolan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lian Sun
    • 7
  1. 1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of HorticultureSichuan Academy of Agricultural SciencesChengduChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crops Biology and Germplasm Enhancement in Southwest RegionsMinistry of AgricultureChengduChina
  5. 5.Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  6. 6.Sichuan Technology and Business CollageDujiangyanChina
  7. 7.Sichuan Provincial Environmental Information CenterChengduChina

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