Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 715–722 | Cite as

Effects of different organic residues on rice yield and soil quality

  • Li Peng
  • Wei Liu
  • Chunjiang SuEmail author
  • Ping Li
  • Yan Fang
  • Xiaolan Wang
  • Lian Sun


Calcaric regosols are a valuable land resource, distributed widely across western China. Soil quality has deteriorated considerably in recent years owing to the blind pursuit of economic benefits. A 2-year field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effects of using spent mushroom compost, leguminous plant (Vicia sepium L.) compost, and a combination of the two (at a 1:1 and 2:1 ratio), on rice yield and soil quality in a suburb of China. Vicia sepium L. composted with spent mushroom compost at a 1:1 ratio produced the highest grain and stover yield, grain and stover phosphorus concentration, and phosphorus uptake of rice; they were 56.5%, 93.2%, 89.3%, 198.6% and 22.2% greater than control soil, respectively. The 2:1 ratio (Vicia sepium L.: spent mushroom compost) produced the highest grain N concentration, stover N concentration, and N uptake; they were 31.6%, 31.4%, and 40.7% higher than control, respectively. Soil physical, chemical, and environmental properties were improved with the application of Vicia sepium L. composted with spent mushroom compost at a 2:1 ratio. In particular, soil water-stable aggregates, organic carbon, particulate organic carbon, total nitrogen, available potassium, and cation exchange capacity increased, whereas bulk density, pH, and phytoavailable heavy metals decreased. This organic treatment is beneficial to improve soil quality indicators, and contribute to soil restoration.


Co-composting Leguminous plants Soil quality indicators Soil restoration Spent mushroom compost 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Acton DF, Gregorich LJ (1995) The health of our soils: Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Canada. Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Ottawa, Canada. pp 5–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrew SB, Anita MJ (1995) The recovery of lignocellulosedegrading enzymes from spent mushroom compost. ioresource Technology 54: 311–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Astier M, Etchevers JD, Maass JM (2002) Derivation of soil quality indicators in the context of sustainable agriculture. grociencia 36: 605–620. (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  4. Barzegar AR, Yousefi A, Daryashenas A (2002) The effect of addition of different amounts and types of organic materials on soil physical properties and yield of wheat. Plant and Soil 247: 295–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bolan NS, Adriano DC, Duraisamy P (2003) Immobilization and phytoavailability of cadmium in variable charge soils. III. Effect of biosolid compost addition. Plant and Soil 256: 231–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bronick C, Lal R (2005) Soil structure and management: a review. Geoderma 124(1–2): 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bremner JM, Mulvaney CS (1982) Nitrogen-total. In: Page, A.L. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America, Madison. pp 595–624.Google Scholar
  8. Clemente R, Walker DJ, Roig A (2003) Heavy metal bioavailability in a soil affected by mineral sulphides contamination following the mine spillage at Aznalcollar (Spain). Biodegradation 14: 199–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Courtney RG, Mullen GJ (2008) Soil quality and barley growth as influenced by the land application of two compost types. ioresource Technology 99: 2913–2918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Csillag J, Pártay G, Lukács A, et al. (1999) Extraction of soil solution for environmental analysis. International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry 74: 305–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garcia-Gomez A, Bernal MP, Roig A (2002) Growth of ornamental plants in two composts prepared from agroindustrial wastes. Bioresource Technology 83: 81–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Golchin A, Clarke P, Oades JM, et al. (1995) The effects of cultivation on the composition of organic matter and structural stability of soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research 33: 975–993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gregorich EG, Carter MR, Angers DA, et al. (1994) Towards a minimum data set to assess soil organic matter quality in agricultural soils. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 74: 367–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Haynes RJ, Naidu R (1998) Influence of lime, fertilizer and manure applications on soil organic matter content and soil physical conditions: a review. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 51: 123–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hendershot WH, Lalande H, Duquette M (1993) Soil reaction and exchangeable acidity. In: Carter, MR (Ed.), Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis. Canadian Society of Soil Science. Lewis Publishers, New Jersey. pp 141–146.Google Scholar
  16. Houba VJ, Temminghoff EJ, Gaikhorst GA (2000) Soil analysis procedures using 0.01M calcium chloride as extraction reagent. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 31(9): 1299–1396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences (1978) Soil Physical and Chemical Analysis. Shanghai Scientific and Technical Press, Shanghai. pp 59. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Khaleel R, Reddy KR, Overcash MR (1981) Changes in soil physical properties due to organic waste applications: a review. Journal of Environmental Quailty. 10: 133–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Madejón E, Burgos P, López R, et al. (2003) Agricultural use of three organic residues: effect on orange production and on properties of a soil of the ‘Comarca Costa de Huelva’ (SW Spain). Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 65: 281–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ma P, Zhang D, He HJ (2009) Optimal condition of PVA-SA immobilizing Lentinus edodes residue for absorbing lead and cadmium. Chinese Journal of Applied & Environmental Biology 15(5): 724–729. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. McKinley VL, Vestal JR, Eralp AE (1985) Microbial activity in composting (I). Biocycle 26: 39–43.Google Scholar
  22. Moreno JL, García C, Hernández T, et al. (1996) Transference of heavy metals from a calcareous soil amended with sewagesludge compost to barley plants. Bioresource Technology 55(3): 251–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nelson DW, Sommers LE (1982) Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR (eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science of America, Madison. pp 539–579.Google Scholar
  24. O’Dell R, Silk W, Green P, et al. (2007) Compost amendment of Cu-Zn mine spoil reduces toxic bioavailable heavy metal concentrations and promotes establishment and biomass production of Bromus carinatus (Hook and Arn). Environmental Pollution 148(1): 115–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ouédraogo E, Mando A, Zombré NP (2001) Use of compost to improve soil properties and crop productivity under low input agricultural system in West Africa. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 84(3): 259–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Qin MZ, Zhao J (2000) Strategies for sustainable use and characteristics of soil quality changes in urban-rural marginal area: a case study of Kaifeng. Acta Geographica Sinica 55: 545–554. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Ros M, Hernández T, García C (2003) Soil microbial activity after restoration of a semiarid soil by organic amendments. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 35: 463–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sanchez PA, Palm CA, Szott LT, et al. (1989) Organic input management in tropical agroecosystems. In: Coleman DC, Oades JM, Vehara (eds.), Dynamics of Soil Organic Matter in Tropical Ecosystems, Hawaii, NifTAL Project, pp 125–152.Google Scholar
  29. Sumner ME, Miller WP (1996) Cation exchange capacity and exchange coefficients. In: Sparks, DL, Page, AL, Helmke, PA, et al. (eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science of America, Madison. pp 1201–1229.Google Scholar
  30. Tejada M, Gonzalez JL, García-Martínez AM, et al. (2008) Application of a green manure and green manure composted with beet vinasse on soil restoration: Effects on soil properties. Bioresource Technology 99: 4949–4957.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tejada M, Gonzalez JL, García-Martínez AM, et al. (2008) Effects of different green manures on soil biological properties and maize yield. Bioresource Technology 99: 1758–1767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wan HY, Zhou SL, Zhao QG (2008) Influencing factors and distributing characteristics of soil available Cu and Zn in the south Jiangsu province. Journal of Henan Agricultural Sciences 8:68–75. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Wani SP, Rupela OP, Lee KK (1995) Sustainable agriculture in the semi-arid tropics through biological fixation in grain legumes. Plant Soil 174: 29–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang M, Heaney D, Solberg E (2000) The effect of Msw compost on metal uptake and yield of wheat, barley and canola in less productive farming soils of alberta. Compost Science and Utilization 8: 224–236.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Peng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wei Liu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Chunjiang Su
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ping Li
    • 5
  • Yan Fang
    • 6
  • Xiaolan Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lian Sun
    • 7
  1. 1.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of HorticultureSichuan Academy of Agricultural SciencesChengduChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Horticultural Crops Biology and Germplasm Enhancement in Southwest RegionsMinistry of AgricultureChengduChina
  5. 5.Southwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  6. 6.Sichuan Technology and Business CollageDujiangyanChina
  7. 7.Sichuan Provincial Environmental Information CenterChengduChina

Personalised recommendations