Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 256–261 | Cite as

Water losses in arid and semi-arid zone: Evaporation, evapotranspiration and seepage

  • Jean de la Paix MupenziEmail author
  • Lanhai Li
  • Jiwen Ge
  • Jean Ngamije
  • Verenyam Achal
  • Gabriel Habiyaremye
  • Jean de Dieu Habumugisha


The primary purpose of this study was to assess water losses by evapotranspiration, evaporation and seepage in arid zone. Normally, evaporation and seepage are the main causes of water losses. For modeling water losses, a combination of Genetic Programming (GP), Penman-Monteith (PM) and Penman combination model for measurement of evapotranspiration, evaporation and seepage has been developed. The results were found to be varying depending on how the evaporation and seepage phenomena are modeled. These results show that that there is an improvement in reducing evapotranspiration, evaporation and seepage losses in arid and semi-arid region.


Arid zone Evaporation Evapotranspiration Seepage Water losses China 


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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean de la Paix Mupenzi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Lanhai Li
    • 1
  • Jiwen Ge
    • 2
  • Jean Ngamije
    • 3
  • Verenyam Achal
    • 1
  • Gabriel Habiyaremye
    • 3
  • Jean de Dieu Habumugisha
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and GeographyChinese Academy of SciencesUrumqi, XinjiangChina
  2. 2.China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)WuhanHubei, China
  3. 3.Independent Institute of Lay Adventists of Kigali (INILAK)KigaliRwanda
  4. 4.Institut Polytechnique de Byumba (IPB)ByumbaRwanda

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