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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 278–285 | Cite as

A physical simulation test for the rockburst in tunnels

  • Tianbin LiEmail author
  • Xiangfeng Wang
  • Lubo Meng
Article

Abstract

According to the test results of the physical and mechanical properties of similar materials in various quality mixture, a type of material with obvious tendency of rockburst was selected to produce a large-size model to simulate rockburst phenomena in tunnels. The prototype model comes from a typical section of diversion tunnels in Jinping Hydropower Station in China. The simulation of excavating tunnels is carried out by opening a hole in the model after loading. The modeling results indicated that under the condition of normal stresses in the model boundaries the arch top, spandrel and side walls of the tunnel produced an obvious jump reaction of stress and strain and the acoustic emission counts of the surrounding rock also increased rapidly in a different time period after the “tunnel” excavation, showing the clear features of rockburst. The spalling, buckling and breaking occurred in the surrounding rock of model in conditions of over loading. It is concluded that the modeling tunnel segment in Jinping Hydropower Station is expected to form the tensile rockburst with the pattern of spalling, buckling and breaking.

Keywords

Rockburst Physical simulation Similar materials (Gypsum, Cement, Sand, Water) Strain jump Spalling Buckling Breaking 

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention & Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  2. 2.Sichuan Communication Surveying & Design InstituteChengduChina

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