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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 757–766

# Two-dimensional numerical model for debris flows in the Jiangjia Gully, Yunnan Province

• Hong Peng
• Yanxin Zhao
• Peng Cui
• Wanshun Zhang
• Xuejiao Chen
• Xiaoqing Chen
Article

## Abstract

Debris flows are recurrent natural hazards in many mountainous regions. This paper presents a numerical study on the propagation of debris flows in natural erodible open channels, in which the bed erosion and sedimentation processes are important. Based on the Bingham fluid theory, a mathematical model of the two-dimensional non-constant debris flow is developed. The governing equations include the continuity and momentum conservation equations of debris flow, the sediment convection-diffusion equation, the bed erosion-deposition equation and the bed-sediment size gradation adjustment equation. The yield stress and shear stress components are included to describe the dynamic rheological properties. The upwind control-volume Finite Volume Method (FVM) is applied to discretize the convection terms. The improved SIMPLE algorithm with velocity-free-surface coupled correction is developed to solve the equations on non-orthogonal, quadrilateral grids. The model is applied to simulate a debris flow event in Jiangjia Gully, Yunnan Province and to predict the flow pattern and bed erosion-deposition processes. The results show the effectiveness of the proposed numercial model in debris flow simulation and potential hazard analysis.

## Keywords

Debris flow Numerical simulation SIMPLE algorithm Finite Volume Method Hazard analysis Jiangjia Gully

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## Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

## Authors and Affiliations

• Hong Peng
• 1
• Yanxin Zhao
• 2
• Peng Cui
• 3
• Wanshun Zhang
• 2
Email author
• Xuejiao Chen
• 2
• Xiaoqing Chen
• 3
1. 1.College of Water Resources and Hydropower EngineeringWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
2. 2.School of Resource and Environmental ScienceWuhan UniversityWuhanChina
3. 3.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina