Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 441–450 | Cite as

Phosphorus sorption-desorption characteristics of ditch sediments from different land uses in a small headwater catchment in the central Sichuan Basin of China

  • Zhenhua Wang
  • Min He
  • Tao Wang
  • Bo ZhuEmail author
Article

Abstract

Investigation of phosphorus (P) sorption-desorption characteristics of drainage ditch sediments is important for better understanding on sediment P transport behaviors in ditches. Surface ditch sediment samples were collected from headwater subcatchment of forestland, sloping cropland, paddy field, and residential area in a representative catchment in the central Sichuan Basin. These sediment samples were used for determination of P sorption-desorption characteristics by a batch equilibrium technique. Results showed that the maximum P sorption capacities (Qm) in the sediments ranged from 159.7 to 263.7 mg/kg, while higher Qm were observed in the ditch sediments from the paddy fields. The Qm was significantly and positively correlated with oxalate-extractable Fe and Al oxides (r=0.97 and 0.98, p < 0.01), clay fraction (r = 0.78, p < 0.05) and organic matter (r = 0.95, p < 0.01). Sediment pH, clay and organic matter influenced the P sorption through amorphous Fe and Al oxides. CaCO3 content was negatively correlated with the Qm (r = −0.83, p < 0.05), implying that saturated CaCO3 (> 50 g/kg) would not increase P sorption capacity in the ditch sediments. The ditch sediments featured a linear desorption curve, suggesting that P release risk would be enhanced with the increase of the P adsorption. The P desorption rate was positively correlated with Olsen P (r = 0.94, p < 0.01), but negatively related to the fine particle-size fractions (r = −0.92, p < 0.01), the sum of the amorphous Fe and Al oxides (r = −0.67, p < 0.05) and the P sorption capacity (r = −0.59, p < 0.05). The ditch sediments from residential area had a higher P release risk than that from the other ditches of forestland, sloping cropland and paddy field. The P sorption index (PSI) derived from single-point measurement was significantly correlated with the P sorption capacity (r = 0.99, p < 0.01), and could be used for estimating Qm as 1.64 times PSI plus 24.0 (Qm = 1.64 PSI + 24.0) for similar sediments with highly calcareous soils and sediments. Ditch cleaning and sediment removal for the ditch in residential area were recommended in this area to reduce the P release risk.

Keywords

Ditch sediment Phosphorus sorption-desorption Sediment properties Land use 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Axt JR, Walbridge MR (1999) Phosphate removal capacity of forested wetlands and adjacent uplands in Virginia. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63: 1019–1031.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bache BW, Williams EG (1971) A phosphorus sorption index for soils. European Journal of Soil Science 22: 289–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bertrand I, Holloway RE, Armstrong RD, et al. (2003) Chemical characteristics of phosphorus in alkaline soils from southern Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research 41: 61–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Casson JP, Bennett DR, Nolan SC, et al. (2006) Degree of phosphorus saturation thresholds in manure-amended soils of Alberta. Journal of Environmental Quality 35: 2212–2221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Correll DL (1998) The role of phosphorus in the eutrophication of receiving waters: a review. Journal of Environmental Quality 27: 261–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diaz OA, Reddy KR, Moore J (1994) Solubility of inorganic phosphorus in stream water as influenced by pH and calcium concentration. Water Research 28: 1755–1763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fahnestock P, Lal R, Hall GF (1996) Land use and erosional effects on two Ohio Alfisols: I. Soil properties. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 7: 63–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gong ZT (1999) Chinese Soil Taxonomy. Science Press. pp. 756–760. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  9. Haggard BE, Ekka SA, Matlock MD, et al. (2004) Phosphate equilibrium between stream sediments and water: potential effect of chemical amendments. Transactions of the ASAE 47: 1113–1118.Google Scholar
  10. Jalali M (2007) Phosphorus status and sorption characteristics of some calcareous soils of Hamadan, Western Iran. Environmental Geology 53: 365–374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Janse JH, van Puijenbroek PJTM (1998) Effects of eutrophication in drainage ditches. Environmental Pollution 102: 547–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jarvie HP, Jürgens MD, Williams RJ, et al. (2005) Role of river bed sediments as sources and sinks of phosphorus across two major eutrophic UK river basins: the Hamposhire Avon and Herefordshire Wye. Journal of Hydrology 304: 51–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Yoo JH, Ro HM, Choi WJ, et al. (2006). Phosphorus adsorption and removal by sediments of a constructed marsh in Korea. Ecological Engineering 27: 109–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kuo S (1996) Phosphorus. In: Sparks DL (eds.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI 5. p 869.Google Scholar
  15. Li M, Hou YL, Zhu B (2007) Phosphorus sorption-desorption by purple soils of China in relation to their properties. Australian Journal of Soil Research 45: 182–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li ZM (1991). Purple Soils in China (I). Science Press, Beijing. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Lu RK (2000). Methods of Soil Agricultural Chemical Analysis. China Agricultural Science and Technology Press, Beijing. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Luo ZX, Zhu B, Tang JL, et al. (2009) Phosphorus retention capacity of agricultural headwater ditch sediments under alkaline condition in purple soils area, China. Ecological Engineering 35: 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McDowell RW, Condron LM (2001) Influence of soil constituents on soil phosphorus sorption and desorption. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 32: 2531–2547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified single solution method for the determinations of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 27: 31–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nguyen L, Sukias J (2002) Phosphorus fractions and retention in drainage ditch sediments receiving surface runoff and subsurface drainage from agricultural catchments in the North Island, New Zealand. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 92: 49–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Palmer-Felgate EJ, Jarbie HP, Withers PJA, et al. (2009) Stream-bed phosphorus in paired catchments with different agricultural land use intensity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 134: 53–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Paludan C, Jensen HS (1995) Sequential extraction of phosphorus in freshwater wetland and lake sediment: significance of humic acids. Wetlands 15: 365–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parry R (1998) Agricultural phosphorus and water quality: U.S. environmental protection agency perspective. Journal of Environmental Quality 27: 258–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Peng JF, Wang BZ, Song YH, et al. (2007) Adsorption and release of phosphorus in the surface sediment of a wastewater stabilization pond. Ecological Engineering 31: 92–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Reddy KR, Diaz OA, Scinto LJ, et al. (1995) Phosphorus dynamics in selected wetlands and streams of the Lake Okeechobee Basin. Ecological Engineering 5: 183–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sallade YE, Sims JT (1997) Phosphorus transformation in the sediments of Delaware’s Agricultural Drainage ways: II. Effect of reducing conditions on phosphorus release. Journal of Environmental Quality 26: 1579–1588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sharpley AN (1995) Dependence of runoff phosphorus on extractable soil phosphorus. Journal of Environmental Quality 24: 920–926.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sibanda HM, Young SD (1986) Competitive adsorption of humus acids and phosphate on goethite, gibbsite and two tropical soils. European Journal of Soil Science 37: 197–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sims JT, Simard RR, Joern BC (1998) Phosphorus loss in agricultural drainage: historical perspective and current research. Journal of Environmental Quality 27: 277–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sims JT, Maguire RO, Leytem AB, et al. (2002) Evaluation of Mehlich 3 as an agri-environmental soil phosphorus test for the mid-Atlantic United States of America. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66: 2016–2032.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Smith DR (2009). Assessment of in-stream phosphorus dynamics in agricultural drainage ditches. Science of the Total Environment 407: 3883–3889.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Smith DR, Haggard BE, Warnemuende EA, et al. (2005) Sediment phosphorus dynamics for three tile fed drainage ditches in Northeast Indiana. Agricultural Water Management 71: 19–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Stevenson FJ (1994). Humus Chemistry: Genesis, Composition, Reactions, second ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY. pp. 429–452.Google Scholar
  35. Vadas PA, Kleinman PJA, Sharpley AN, et al. (2005) Relating soil phosphorus to dissolved phosphorus in runoff: A single extraction coefficient for water quality modeling. Journal of Environmental Quality 34: 572–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang SR, Jin XC, Pang Y, et al. (2005) The study of the effect of pH on phosphate sorption by different trophic lake sediments. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 285: 448–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Webber MD, Mattingly GEG (1970). Inorganic soil phosphorus. 1. Changes in mono-calcium phosphate potentials on cropping. Journal of Soil Science 21: 111–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wolf AM, Baker DE (1990) Colorimetric method for phosphorus measurement in ammonium oxalate soil extracts. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 21: 2257–2263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhou MF, Li YC (2001) Phosphorus-sorption characteristics of calcareous soils and limestone from the southern Everglades and adjacent farmlands. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65: 1404–1412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Zhu B, Wang T, You X, et al. (2008) Nutrient release from weathering of purplish rocks in the Sichuan Basin, China. Pedosphere 18(2): 257–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhu B, Wang T, Kuang FH, et al. (2009) Measurements of nitrate leaching from a hillslope cropland in the central Sichuan Basin, China. Soil Science Society of America Journal 73: 1419–1426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhu B, Wang ZH, Zhang XB (2012a) Phosphorus fractions and release potential of ditch sediments from different land uses in a small catchment of the upper Yangtze River. Journal of Soils and Sediments 12: 278–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhu B, Wang ZH, Wang T, et al. (2012b) Non-point-source nitrogen and phosphorus loadings from a small watershed in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Journal of Mountain Sciences 9: 10–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Environment Evolvement and RegulationChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  2. 2.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina
  3. 3.Department of Water Environment ResearchChangjiang River Scientific Research InstituteWuhanChina
  4. 4.Faculty of ForestrySichuan Agriculture UniversityYa’anChina

Personalised recommendations