Advertisement

Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 98–112 | Cite as

Method for evaluating the degrees of land use sustainability of mountainous county and its application in Yunnan Province, China

  • Zisheng Yang
  • Yansui Liu
  • Wenxing Tao
  • Jingjing Xu
  • Qiaogui Zhao
Article

Abstract

The evaluation of sustainable land use is the key issue in the field of studying the sustainable land utilization. In general analysis, the sustainable land use is evaluated respectively from its ecological sustainability, economic sustainability and social sustainability in China and other countries in recent years. Although this evaluation is an important work, it seems insufficient and hard to comprehensively reflect the whole degree of land use sustainability. Thus, to make up this deficiency, this paper brings forward the evaluation indexes, which make it possible to quantitatively reflect the whole degree of land use sustainability, namely, the concept of “degrees of overall land use sustainability” (Dos), and research and development of the method of measurement and calculation in Dos. Taking the evaluation of the degree of land use sustainability in county regions of Yunnan Province as the actual example for analysis, results are basically as follows:
  1. 1)

    The degree of land use sustainability (Dos) is the ration index to organically and systematically integrate the degree of ecological friendliness (D EF ), the degree of economic viability (D EV ) and the degree of social acceptability (D SA ), able to comprehensively reflect the whole sustainability degree of regional land use.

     
  2. 2)

    Based on the value of Dos, the grading system and standard for the sustainability of land use may be established and totally divided into five grades, namely, the high-degree sustainability, middle-degree sustainability, low-degree sustainability, conditional sustainability and non-sustainability. Meanwhile, the standard for distinguishing sustainability grades has also been confirmed so as to determine the nature of sustainability degrees in different grades. This makes the possibility for the combination of nature determination with ration in research result and provides with the scientific guideline and decision-making gist for better implementation of sustainable land use strategy.

     
  3. 3)

    The practice in evaluation of sustainability degree in county regional land use in Yunnan shows that the value of the degree of land use sustainability (Dos) of whole Yunnan Province is only 58.39, belonging to the grade of low-degree sustainability. Two thirds of counties in the whole province represent the grade of “conditional sustainability” and “non-sustainability” in the sustainability of land use. Among these counties, 11.11 % shows “non-sustainability”. The lowest degree of land use sustainability appears especially in the middle plateau mountain region of Northeast Yunnan, where the value of Dos in most counties (districts) is below 40 %, belonging to the grade of “non-sustainability”. The sustainability degree in the karst mountainous region in lower-middle plateau mountain region in Southeast Yunnan is generally low and the value of sustainability degree (Dos) in most of the counties (cities and districts) is below 55. The value of sustainability degree (Dos) in most of the counties (cities and districts) in the north, west, northwest and southwest parts of Yunnan is below 55. This article also analyzes the reasons of low degree of sustainability in land use in Yunnan and puts forward the countermeasures to increase the degree of sustainability in land use in the whole province.

     

Keywords

Land use degrees of overall sustainability evaluation method county level degrees of ecological friendliness degrees of economic viability degrees of social acceptability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Banai, R. 2005. Land Resource Sustainability for Urban Development: Spatial Decision Support System Prototype. Environmental Management, 36(2): 282–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Berroteran, J., Zinck, A. 1997. Criteria and Indicators of Agricultural Sustainability at National Level. Geo Information for Sustainable Land Management. ISSS/ITC, Enschede, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  3. Chen Baiming. 2002. Design and Evaluation of Indicator System of Regional Land for Sustainable Use. Progress in Geography, 21(3): 204–215. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). 1986. 400 Kilogrammes of Grain per Capita are Essential to China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 1986, 19(5): 1–7. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  5. FAO. 1993. FESLM: An International Framework for Evaluating Sustainable Land Management. World Soil Resources Reports 73, Rome. Pp. 10–21.Google Scholar
  6. Gameda, S., Dumanski, J., Acton, D. 1997. Farm Level Indicators of Sustainable Land Management. Geo Information for Sustainable Land Management. ISSS/ITC, Enschede, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  7. Hurni, H. 2000. Assessing Sustainable Land Management. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 81(2): 83–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kim, C.S., Sandretto, C., Uri, N. D. 1999. The Impact of Incorrectly Estimating Factor Productivity in Agriculture on the Environment and Human Health. Environmental Geology, 37(1–2): 47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lefroy, R.D.B., Bechstedt, H.D., Rais M. 2000. Indicators for Sustainable Land Management Based on Farmer Surveys in Vietnam, Indonesia, and Thailand. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment, 81(2): 137–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. National Bureau of Statistics of China (NBSC). 2005. China Statistical Yearbook-2005. Beijing: China Statistics Press. Pp. 45–396. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Peng Jian, Wang Yang-ling, Song Zhiqing, et al. 2003. Research Progress on Evaluation for Sustainable Land Use. Resources Science, 25(2): 85–93. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. Peng, J., Wang, Y. L., Wu, J. S., et al. 2007. Evaluation for Sustainable Land Use in Mountain Areas of Northwestern Yunnan Province, China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 133(1–3): 407–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China (SCIO). 1996. China Grain White Book. The People’ Daily, 1996-10–25 (2). (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  14. Statistical Bureau of Yunnan Province (SBY). 2005. Yunnan Statistical Yearbook-2005. Beijing: China Statistics Press. Pp. 710–815. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Tanrivermis, H. 2003. Agricultural Land-use Change and Sustainable Use of Land Resources in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Journal of Arid Environments, 54(3): 553–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. The Office of Agricultural Regional Planning Commission of Yunnan Province (OARPCY). 1995. Investigation and Evaluation of Agricultural Reserve Resources in Yunnan Province. Kunming: Yunnan Science and Technology Press. Pp. 53–233. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Yang Zisheng. 1995. The Agricultural Natural Hazard Regionalization of Yunnan Province. Beijing: China Agriculture Press. Pp. 8–89. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Yang Zisheng. 2001. A Study on the Dynamic Balance of Total Cultivated Land Amount in the Province of Mountain Region on the Basis of Sustainable Development — Taking Yunnan Province as an Example. Resources Science, 23(5): 33–40. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Yang Zisheng and Liang Luohui. 2004. Traditional Land Use for Sustainable Land Use: The Case of Yunnan Province, China. In: Saskia Sassen and Peter Marcotullio (eds). Human Resource System Challenge VII: Human Settlement Development, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK [http://www.eolss.net]Google Scholar
  20. Yang Zisheng and Liu Yansui. 2007. Eco-friendly Land Use in Mountainous Areas of China. Beijing: China Science and Technology Press. Pp. 6–96. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Yang Zisheng, Jiang Jinyun, Hu Po, et al. 2006. Land Exploitation and Consolidation Planning in Yunnan Province. Kunming: Yunnan Science and Technology Press. Pp. 18–148. (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Zhang Fengrong, Wang Jing, Chen Baiming, et al. 2003. Indicator System and Evaluation Method of Sustainable Land Resources Use. Beijing: China Agriculture Press. Pp. 18–56 (In Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, CAS and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zisheng Yang
    • 1
  • Yansui Liu
    • 2
  • Wenxing Tao
    • 1
  • Jingjing Xu
    • 1
  • Qiaogui Zhao
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Land & Resources and Sustainable DevelopmentYunnan University of Finance and EconomicsKunmingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources ResearchChinese Academy of ScienceBeijingChina
  3. 3.Department of Land & Resources of Yunnan ProvinceKunmingChina

Personalised recommendations