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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 221–236 | Cite as

Assessment of man-made and natural hazards in the surroundings of hydropower projects under construction in the beas valley of northwestern Himalaya

  • Sanjeev Sharma
  • Jagdish C. KuniyalEmail author
  • J. C. Sharma
Article

Abstract

Mountain ecosystem, on the earth, has plenty of natural resources. In Himachal Pradesh all the rivers are snowfed and therefore rich in water resources. These resources have been supporting enough for the generation of electricity through introducing hydropower projects since the last decade. However, every developmental activity has its own negative impacts on the surrounding environment. Due to the fragile nature of topography and delicacy of ecology of the Himalaya, it results in lot of disturbances because of high degree of human interferences like construction of major hydropower projects. The increased extent of geological hazards, such as landslides, rock fall and soil erosion, have mainly due to alike developmental interventions in the natural ecosystem. So understanding and analysing such impacts of the hydropower projects have mainly been on the environment in various forms but natural hazards have been frequent ones. The present study, therefore, focuses mainly on the Parbati Stage II (800 MW) and the Parbati Stage III (520 MW) hydropower projects; both of which fall within the Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh. Based on the perception survey of the local communities, the existing land use pattern, status of total acquired land of the residents by hydropower projects, frequent natural hazards and resultant loss to the local communities due to upcoming construction of hydropower projects surrounding to the Parbati Stage II and III have been analysed in the paper. Also, the preventive measures to mitigate these adverse impacts have been suggested to strengthen these projects in eco-friendly manner in the mountain context.

Keywords

Hydropower project under construction local community hazard preventive measure environment northwestern Indian Himalaya 

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Copyright information

© Science Press 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjeev Sharma
    • 1
  • Jagdish C. Kuniyal
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. C. Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment & DevelopmentHimachal PradeshIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeographyHimachal Pradesh UniversityShimlaIndia

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