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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 136–145 | Cite as

Water consumption of a six-year-old river red gum plantation in the Southern Zagros Mountains, Iran

  • Masoud Edraki
  • Sayyed Ahang KowsarEmail author
  • Ali Asghar Mehrbakhsh
  • Ali Bordbar
Article

Abstract

Water is the most important limiting factor in the development of arid environments; therefore, optimization of water use is a necessity in desert reclamation projects. Evapotranspiration of a 6-year-old river red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.) plantation, located in a sedimentation basin of an artificial recharge of the Gareh Bygone Plain groundwater system in Iran’s southern Zagros Mountains, was studied during a 7-month period. A neutron moisture probe was used to monitor soil water changes in the root zone. Soil water depletion following rapid drainage for blocks receiving relatively high, medium and low volumes of floodwater were 809.6, 312.4, and 203.1 mm, respectively, for a 150-day period. Soil water potential during most of the study period was below −1.5 MPa. This study proves that river red gum in not a suitable species for desertification control where water conservation is of vital importance. Flood irrigation of trees on 8 Aug. 1991 provided the opportunity to throw doubt upon the claim of summer dormancy of river red gum.

Keywords

Water consumption Eucalyptus camaldulensis desertification control Iran 

Abbreviations

ARG

artificial recharge of groundwater

ET

evapotranspiration

GBP

Gareh Bygone Plain

NMP

neutron moisture probe

SB

sedimentation basin

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Copyright information

© Science Press 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masoud Edraki
    • 1
  • Sayyed Ahang Kowsar
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ali Asghar Mehrbakhsh
    • 2
  • Ali Bordbar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Primary IndustriesSunraysia Horticultural CentreMilduraAustralia
  2. 2.Fars Research Center for Agriculture and Natural ResourcesShiraz, I.R.Iran

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