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Journal of Mountain Science

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 228–236 | Cite as

Extreme rainfall events and associated natural hazards in Alaknanda valley, Indian Himalayan region

  • Joshi Varun Email author
  • Kumar Kireet 
Article

Abstract

Entire Himalayan region is vulnerable to rain-induced (torrential rainfall) hazards in the form of flash flood, cloudburst or glacial lake outburst flood. Flash floods and cloudburst are generally caused by high intensity rainfall followed by debris flow or landslide often resulting into blockade of river channels. The examples of some major disasters caused by torrential rainfall events in last fifty years are the flash floods of 1968 in Teesta valley, in 1993 and 2000 in Sutlej valley, in 1978 in Bhagirathi and in 1970 in Alaknanda river valleys. The formation of landslide dams and subsequent breaching is also associated with such rainfall events. These dams may persist for years or may burst within a short span of its formation. Due to sudden surge of water level in the river valleys, havoc and panic are created in the down stream. In Alaknanda valley, frequencies of such extreme rainfall events are found to be increasing in last two decades. However, the monthly trend of extreme rainfall events has partly indicated this increase. In most of the years extreme rainfall events and cloudburst disaster were reported in August during the later part of the monsoon season.

Key words

Flash flood Cloudburst Extreme rainfall Alaknanda valley Himalaya India 

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Copyright information

© Science Press 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development Sikkim UnitGangtokIndia
  2. 2.GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development Kosi-KatarmalAlmoraIndia

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