Conditions facilitating infection of mosquito cell lines with Wolbachia, an obligate intracellular bacterium
Factors that influence establishment of Wolbachia, an obligate intracellular bacterium, in novel insect hosts or uninfected insect cell lines are poorly understood. Infectivity of Wolbachia strain wStr was correlated with flow cytometric profiles to define optimal conditions for harvesting an infectious inoculum. Wolbachia recovered from the cell culture supernatant after gentle pipetting of infected cells represented about 1% of the total bacterial population and were more infectious than Wolbachia that remained associated with intact cells and/or membranes after low-speed centrifugation. Optimal establishment of a robust infection in naïve cells required 6 d, at a ratio of 80 to 160 bacteria per cell. Among Aedes albopictus mosquito cell lines, an aneuploid line with a 4n + 1 karyotype was more susceptible to infection than diploid lines. These findings contribute to the in vitro manipulation of Wolbachia, illustrate some of the many factors that influence infectivity, and identify areas for future investigation.
KeywordsWolbachia Mosquito cell lines Aedes albopictus Laodelphax striatellus Fluorescence microscopy Flow cytometry Transinfection
I thank Dr. T.J. Kurtti for the helpful discussions and comments on the manuscript.
This work was supported by NIH grant AI 081322 and by the University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, St. Paul, MN.
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