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Two-staged nuclear transfer can enhance the developmental ability of goat–sheep interspecies nuclear transfer embryos in vitro

  • Li-Bing MaEmail author
  • Lu Cai
  • Jia-Jia Li
  • Xiu-Li Chen
  • Feng-Yu Ji
Article

Abstract

The technique of interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer, in which interspecies cloned embryos can be reconstructed by using domestic animal oocytes as nuclear recipients and endangered animal or human somatic cells as nuclear donors, can afford more opportunities in endangered animal rescue and human tissue transplantation, but the application of this technique is limited by extremely low efficiency which may be attributed to donor nucleus not fully reprogrammed by xenogenic cytoplasm. In this study, goat fetal fibroblasts (GFFs) were used as nuclear donors, in vitro-matured sheep oocytes were used as nuclear recipients, and a two-stage nuclear transfer procedure was performed to improve the developmental ability of goat–sheep interspecies clone embryos. In the first stage nuclear transfer (FSNT), GFFs were injected into the ooplasm of enucleated sheep metaphase-II oocytes, then non-activated reconstructed embryos were cultured in vitro, so that the donor nucleus could be exposed to the ooplasm for a period of time. Subsequently, in the second stage nuclear transfer, FSNT-derived non-activated reconstructed embryo was centrifuged, and the donor nucleus was then transferred into another freshly enucleated sheep oocyte. Compared with the one-stage nuclear transfer, two-stage nuclear transfer could significantly enhance the blastocyst rate of goat–sheep interspecies clone embryos, and this result indicated that longtime exposure to xenogenic ooplasm benefits the donor nucleus to be reprogrammed. The two-stage nuclear transfer procedure has two advantages, one is that the donor nucleus can be exposed to the ooplasm for a long time, the other is that the problem of oocyte aging can be solved.

Keywords

Nuclear transfer Interspecies Goat Sheep 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China (no. 2009BS0503), the Research Program of Natural Science at Universities of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China (no. NJ09093), and the Innovation Foundation of Inner Mongolia University of Science & Technology (no. 2009NC058).

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Copyright information

© The Society for In Vitro Biology 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Bing Ma
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lu Cai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jia-Jia Li
    • 1
  • Xiu-Li Chen
    • 1
  • Feng-Yu Ji
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Mathematics, Physics and Biological EngineeringInner Mongolia University of Science & TechnologyBaotouChina
  2. 2.Institute of Bioengineering & TechnologyInner Mongolia University of Science & TechnologyBaotouChina

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