Sustainability Science

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 649–660 | Cite as

Violence in environmental conflicts: the need for a multidimensional approach

  • Grettel Navas
  • Sara Mingorria
  • Bernardo Aguilar-González
Special Feature: Case Report The EJAtlas: Ecological Distribution Conflicts as Forces for Sustainability
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Special Feature: The EJAtlas: Ecological Distribution Conflicts as Forces for Sustainability

Abstract

Although studies on environmental conflicts have engaged with the subject of violence, a multidimensional approach has been lacking. Using data from 95 environmental conflicts in Central America, we show how different forms of violence appear and overlap. We focus on direct, structural, cultural, slow, and ecological forms of violence. Results suggest that the common understanding of violence in environmental conflicts as a direct event in time and space is only the tip of the iceberg and that violence can reach not only environmental defenders, but also communities, nature, and the sustainability of their relations.

Keywords

Multidimensional violence Resistance Environmental conflict Environmental Justice Atlas (EJATLAS) Central America 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Arnim Scheidel, Joan Martínez Alier, Giacomo D’Alisa, anonymous reviewers, and members of the ENVJustice Project for comments on the previous versions. We also thank collaborators of the EJAtlas in Central America, Francisco Venes, and Lena Weber for language revision. Grettel Navas and Sara Mingorría acknowledge support from the European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant ENVJustice (No. 695446).

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List of cases from Environmental Justice Atlas:

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA)Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB)BarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.FRACTAL CollectiveMadridSpain
  3. 3.Fundación NeotrópicaSan JoséCosta Rica

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