Sustainability Science

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 17–32

Ecosystem management based on ecosystem services and human activities: a case study in the Yanhe watershed

  • Changhong Su
  • Bojie Fu
  • Yongping Wei
  • Yihe Lü
  • Guohua Liu
  • Daolong Wang
  • Kebiao Mao
  • Xiaoming Feng
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11625-011-0145-1

Cite this article as:
Su, C., Fu, B., Wei, Y. et al. Sustain Sci (2012) 7: 17. doi:10.1007/s11625-011-0145-1

Abstract

With activities that alter the structure and function of the habitat, humans have a direct impact on ecosystems and ecosystem services, i.e., the conditions and processes that sustain human life. In this study, 35 townships in the Yanhe watershed in the Loess Plateau of China were selected. The net primary production (NPP), carbon sequestration and oxygen production (CSOP), water conservation, and soil conservation were the ecosystem services selected and valuated. Human activity was quantified by an integrated human activity index (HAI) based on population density, farmland ratio, and the influence of road networks and residential areas. The NPP, CSOP, and water conservation showed a conspicuous spatial pattern fanning outward from the southwest, while the soil conservation showed an obscure spatial pattern distinguished primarily by the peripheral area surrounding the urbanized areas. Total ecosystem services in the Yanhe watershed demonstrated a decreasing pattern from south to north, and the HAI was in proportion to administrative and economic development. Based on the selected ecosystem services and HAI, we mapped the townships of the Yanhe watershed by cluster analysis, and provided sustainable ecosystem management suggestions, tailored to the social-ecological map.

Keywords

Ecosystem services Human activity Spatial trend Ecological conservation policy Yanhe watershed 

Copyright information

© Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science, United Nations University, and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changhong Su
    • 1
  • Bojie Fu
    • 1
  • Yongping Wei
    • 2
  • Yihe Lü
    • 1
  • Guohua Liu
    • 1
  • Daolong Wang
    • 3
  • Kebiao Mao
    • 3
  • Xiaoming Feng
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Australia–China Centre on Water Resources Research/UniwaterThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  3. 3.Institute of Natural Resources and Regional PlanningChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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